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LONDON, Oct 25 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) Big fashion brands are failing to protect Syrian refugees from “endemic” abuse in Turkish clothing factories supplying European retailers, a monitoring group said on Tuesday.

Child labour, pitiful pay and dangerous conditions are among the risks facing undocumented Syrian refugees working in Turkey’s garment industry, according to the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre.

The London based charity surveyed 38 major brands with Turkish factories in their supply chains on steps they are taking to protect vulnerable refugee workers from exploitation.

“A handful of leading brands, like NEXT and New Look, demonstrate it is a moral imperative, and commercially viable, to treat refugees with respect,” Phil Bloomer, the watchdog’s executive director, said in a statement.

“The great majority of brands are doing too little. They should learn rapidly from these leaders to outlaw abuse of refugees in their supply chains, and insist their suppliers provide decent work for all their workers.”

Almost 3 million refugees more than half aged under 18 have fled to Turkey to escape war in Syria. Many work illegally in Turkey’s garment industry, which supplies $17 billion in clothing and shoes a year, mostly to Europe, especially Germany.

A Reuters investigation this year found evidence of Syrian refugee children in Turkey working in clothes factories in illegal conditions. Turkey bans children under 15 from working.

A BBC Panorama investigation broadcast on Monday found that Syrian refugee children had been working in factories making clothes for British high street retailer Marks Spencer (MS) and online store ASOS.

An MS spokesperson told Reuters before the BBC report aired: “We had previously found no evidence of Syrian workers employed in factories that supply us, so we were very disappointed by these findings, which are extremely serious and are unacceptable to MS.”

An ASOS spokeswoman declined to comment.

The Business and Human Rights Resource Centre said many brands justified inaction on labour exploitation by denying the existence of refugees of any age in their supply chains.

In its survey, drawn up with trade unions and rights advocates, only nine brands reported that they had found unregistered Syrian refugees on factory floors.

Those brands were ASOS, CA, HM, KiK, LC Waikiki, Primark, New Look, NEXT and Otto Group.

Until this year, Syrians were not entitled to work permits, so many refugees worked informally.

Turkey started to issue permits in January, but the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre said “the vast majority of Syrian refugees continue to work without legal protections, making them vulnerable to abuse”.

It said ASOS, CA, Esprit,
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GAP, Inditex, LC Waikiki, Mothercare, New Look, Otto Group, Primark, Tesco, Tchibo and White Stuff all now expect suppliers to support unregistered refugees to get work permits.

“This is a positive shift given many brands previously cited a zero tolerance policy towards unregistered refugees working in factories, leading to their dismissal the worst outcome for their welfare,” the charity said in a report.

It praised NEXT, New Look and Mothercare for having detailed plans for protecting refugees and for paying a minimum wage even when Syrians are employed without work permits.

The monitoring group criticised standard methods used to make sure supply chains are free from labour exploitation, in which brands announce in advance audits of so called first tier suppliers.

Rights groups say a lot of abuse occurs at the murkier ends of supply chains when suppliers subcontract production from third party factories that are much harder to keep track of.

The Business and Human Rights Resource Centre noted that Adidas, CA, Debenhams, LC Waikiki, Puma, Inditex, ASOS, HM and NEXT audited sub contractors below the first tier. But it said much more needed to be done.

The survey showed a minority of brands were taking collective action on exploitation in Turkey through the Ethical Trading Initiative, an alliance of trade unions, firms and charities promoting workers’ rights, the group said.

“Disappointingly, six brands did not respond to the (survey) questions Gerry Weber, Lidl, Mexx, New Yorker, River Island and Sainsbury’s,” it added in its report.

Nobody was immediately available for comment at New Yorker, Mexx or Lidl. A River Island spokeswoman declined to comment.

A Sainsbury’s spokesperson told Thomson Reuters Foundation: “We expect our suppliers, both in the UK and abroad, to follow our Code of Conduct for Ethical Trade, which incorporates the Base Code of the Ethical Trading Initiative.”

A spokeswoman for Gerry Weber said in an email: “We have raised awareness with our suppliers for the issue and are furthermore on site with our own staff. Additionally we realise audits with independent third parties.”
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PHOENIX HOSPITALITY RECRUITMENT CONSULTING was founded by Ilse Phillips in 2009, in order to address the need created due to the fact that most organisations do not have the resources, or infrastructure to engage a full time Human Resources professional on site.

Ultimately, it is the commitment of the whole PHOENIX team in advancing the business of our clients that sets us apart from our competition.

We are proud to be rated as one of the pre eminent hospitality placements agencies operating today and will remain an extension of our client’s recruitment initiatives because we understand their business and are masters in ours.

PHOENIX HOSPITALITY RECRUITMENT CONSULTING has an absolute commitment to ethics and professionalism,
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we consider ourselves to be an extension of those we work with, whether clients or candidates. Integrity and honesty underpin our culture and everything we do, there is no compromise.

Our business practices are guided by the Code of Ethical and Professional Practice of APSO (Association of Personnel Services Organisations) and Code of Conduct of FEDHASA (Federated Hospitality Association of Southern Africa), together with full compliance with current relevant South African labour and related legislation.
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One Day in Port au Prince puts you in the shoes of ordinary Haitians with extraordinary stories of the earthquake and its aftermath.

Combining stills and video with graphics and text, this multimedia experience transports you to the streets and tent cities of Haitis capital. The people featured tell their stories in their own words. Each story evokes issues centralto Haitis recovery.

Its release marks the launch of the Foundations Haiti in Focus campaign, which brings together our humanitarian, legal and journalist training programmes to provide joined up support for Haiti’s recovery throughout 2011.

It underlines the Foundations long term commitment to Haiti, which began right after the quake with the launch of an Emergency Information Service for the affected population. That commitment continues with new programmes to help strengthen Haitis laws against sexual violence, train local lawyers and support Haitian journalists.

In October, Foundation journalists spent two weeks in Haiti meeting with government officials, womens groups, aid agencies, lawyers and ordinary earthquake survivors to assess how our programmes might be put to best use.

During that fortnight, we got to know the people featured in One Day in Port au Prince. We hung out with them in the camps and streets, photographed them in their homes or workplaces and offered them a platform to tell their own stories.

We are still in touch with many, and would be happy to translate and deliver any messages from viewers who wish to respond to their

stories. Almost everyone we interviewed said they welcomed the chance to give the world an insight into their daily lives after the quake. To hear back would mean a lot.
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timberland mens sandals About the Cellular Signalling and Metabolic Disease Laboratory

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A cell’s ability to respond to its extracellular environment involves a complex and highly organised series of events referred to as cellular signalling. Our laboratory focuses on a group of enzymes known as Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases (PTPs) that regulate tyrosine phosphorylation dependent cellular signalling. We use cutting edge biochemical, cell biological and imaging approaches as well as knockout mice and Drosophila genetics to delineate the roles of PTPs in signalling pathways in human disease. A specific focus of the lab is on understanding the role of tyrosine phosphorylation dependent cellular signalling processes pertinent to the control of glucose and lipid metabolism and the CNS control of body weight and how such processes are perturbed in obesity, type diabetes, liver disease and ageing.

The ancient Greek physician Hippocrates (460 377 BCE), the father of modern medicine, recognised the overt influence of obesity on morbidity and mortality stating that death is more common in those who are naturally fat than in the lean and that “corpulence is not only a disease itself, but the harbinger of others”. Find out more

Obesity or increased visceral adiposity are causally linked to the development of insulin resistance, a state of diminished insulin responsiveness. Insulin resistance is the major etiologic factor of the metabolic syndrome and precedes the development of frank type 2 diabetes. Find out more

Obesity and type 2 diabetes are leading factors in the development of liver disease, with >85% of overweight individuals and 30 50% of patients with type 2 diabetes developing non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). (2015) Protein tyrosine phosphatases in hypothalamic insulin and leptin signaling. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 36, 661 74. (2007) Protein tyrosine phosphatase function: the substrate perspective. Biochem J. 402, 1 15. (2015) Protein tyrosine phosphatases in hypothalamic insulin and leptin signaling. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 36, 661 74.

Tiganis T. (2013) PTP1B and TCPTP nonredundant phosphatases in insulin signaling and glucose homeostasis. FEBS J. 280, 445 58. Although obesity has been evident for millennia, its prevalence only began to rise in the last century, after populations in developed nations reached their genetic height potential. By the year 2000 humanity reached an evolutionary milestone, where the number of overweight (body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or greater) adults for the first time surpassed those that are underweight and undernourished. Between 1980 and 2013 the prevalence of overweight and obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2) individuals rose by 27.5% in adults and 47.1% in children, so that 2.1 billion individuals were overweight and 671 million were obese in 2013.

In Australia the majority (>60%) of adults and over a quarter of children are overweight or obese.

Excess body weight is a major and leading factor in overall disease burden and if left unabated could lead to falls in life expectancy, particularly in developed nations. Notably, the obesity epidemic is the single most important contributor to the development of type 2 diabetes, a major cause of obesity associated morbidity and mortality.

Estimated Overweight Obese (BMI>25 kg/m2) Males Aged 15+ 2014

The environmental, genetic and socioeconomic factors underlying the development of obesity are complex. Its increasing prevalence highlights that dietary and lifestyle interventions alone are unlikely to be effective in combating the rising tide of obesity, and underscores the need for novel therapeutic approaches. To achieve this it is important that we understand the molecular perturbations that promote obesity and its complications. Our laboratory is interested in dissecting the CNS and peripheral processes controlling energy balance and how these are altered in obesity.

Hypothalamic Control of Body Weight

Large genome wide association studies and meta analyses suggest that >20% of BMI variation may be accounted for by common genetic variation and have highlighted the principal importance of CNS pathways in obesity. The hypothalamus in the mediobasal part of the brain is critical in the control of energy balance glucose homeostasis. Within the hypothalamus, the arcuate nucleus (ARC) is proximal to a leaky blood brain barrier that allows for the entry of circulating factors, such as leptin and insulin. Leptin and insulin in hypothalamic neurons is important in the control of appetite, energy expenditure and glucose homeostasis. Molecules that antagonise leptin and insulin signaling in obesity may provide effective targets for therapeutic intervention. Prominent among such targets are the PTPs that dephosphorylate tyrosine phosphorylated substrates to antagonise insulin and leptin induced signaling. Our laboratory in interested in dissecting the hypothalamic pathways regulated by leptin, insulin and PTPs. (2015) Protein tyrosine phosphatases in hypothalamic insulin and leptin signaling. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 36,
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661 74.

CNS Control of Thermogenesis

The identification of classical brown and beige adipocytes in white fat depots in adult humans, has heralded a new era in adipose tissue biology with a focus on energy homeostasis. The capacity of brown/beige adipocytes to utilise lipids and glucose as a fuel source, and to expend the energy as heat, accompanied by their decreased abundance in older and overweight individuals, has garnered interest in promoting brown and beige fat thermogenesis to combat the obesity epidemic.

Studies from our lab have shown that brown and beige fat thermogenesis is controlled neurons in the brain and coordinated by the phosphatases PTP1B and TCPTP in response to feeding and fasting. Our laboratory in interested in dissecting the neural pathways controlling brown and beige fat thermogenesis, how this coordinated with feeding and glucose metabolism and how such processes are altered in obesity to promote positive energy balance and weight gain.

From Dodd GT, Andrews ZB, Simonds SE, Michael NJ, DeVeer M, Br JC, Spanswick D, Cowley MA, Tiganis T. (2017) A hypothalamic phosphatase switch coordinates energy expenditure with feeding. Cell Metab 26, 375 393.

Research Type 2 Diabetes

Obesity or increased visceral adiposity are causally linked to the development of insulin resistance, a state of diminished insulin responsiveness. Insulin resistance is the major etiologic factor of the metabolic syndrome and precedes the development of frank type 2 diabetes. According to the International Diabetes Federation, the worldwide prevalence of type 2 diabetes is 371 million, closely paralleling the rise in obesity. It is estimated that by 2030 there will be as many 552 million individuals with type 2 diabetes worldwide.

Our laboratory is interested in deciphering the molecular mechanisms that contribute to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

CNS Control of Glucose Metabolism

Insulin acts on peripheral tissues including liver, muscle and adipose tissue to directly control glucose metabolism, while also acting in the brain to concordantly regulate nutrient fluxes, feeding behaviour and energy homeostasis. The CNS effects of insulin on metabolism are mediated by different brain regions, in particular the hypothalamus, acting via autonomic circuits to influence peripheral organs, including the liver, white adipose tissue and brown adipose tissue to modulate endogenous glucose production and glucose uptake. Although our understanding of the neural circuitry controlling feeding behaviour and energy expenditure has grown considerably in the last few years, the neural processes by which insulin elicits its effects on glucose metabolism are less well understood. Our laboratory is interested in determining how the brain regulates glucose homeostasis and the extent to which CNS insulin resistance in obesity may perturb glucose metabolism and contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.
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timberland mens bromilly boots brown smooth About the Airwalk and Airwalk Skate Shoes

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Airwalk skate shoes Airwalk skate shoes specialize in board sports and are highly praised for it. Bill Mann and George Yohn established the Airwalk in 1986. During this time they worked on skate shirts, boards, and other products and sponsored many professional skaters such as Tony hawk and Jason Lee. Soon after Mann deserted the company and left it with Yohn to take care of there was a decision made to go mainstream but not many people did not like that idea and were questionable about the designs. In 2004 they went back to action and a sport since that was more of strength and brought up past designs to try and see what people would like they purchased many different companies and grew capable of doing more things but they decided to stick with youth board sports. Now they have grown all over the world helping tons of young skaters get the comfort they need and the fun they want.

Today they are carrying casual and sport shoes from sandals to specially designed mountain biking shoes. They also carry thing such as T shirts, sweat shirts and other accessories for an everyday person.

Airwalk skate shoes are very comfortable with a soft inside but long lasting and dependable you would be glad to spend your money on this worth while product and even the other accessories would be worth it. They offer the comfort you want in everyday life, and you can even find some that offer the support you need for your exercise walking or running routines. For a more entertaining exercise you can use the Airwalk skate shoes to skate down the road, you find that time flys and you still look like you in great shape.

Even Europe is rushing for the nice sensation of this awesome footwear. They are found in many Payless and Modells in the world. Like they once were these survivors are thriving once again. When you look at the people shoes you can always find several who are gliding or walking in the amazingly comfortable Airwalk skate shoes.

When you decide to buy Airwalk skate shoes you want to be sure that they fit. Keep in mind that if you actually go to the store you need to try them on because even if that is your size in one style of shoe, it doesn mean that it is for the Airwalk skate shoes. If you decide to buy online and have them shipped to your house, you need to look and find what their return and trade policies are on the shoes. If they don allow it then they are probably not a good place to buy from because you will be stuck with whatever you buy whether they fit comfortably or not. If they do allow it,
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it is a good place to buy from. This means that you can let them know, ship the shoes back, and get a size bigger or smaller depending on what you need.

People interested in the above article are also interested in the related articles listed below:

Journey Into Buying Running Gear

When you are interested in trying a new sport what is the first thing you do? I know I look for the gear to go with the sport. That is why when I was challenged to take part in a five kilometer race in November I started to seek out advice on the running gear I would need. Right off the bat I found the two essential things I would come to need were a supportive bra and the right pair of shoes.

Get Your Body In Perfect Running Form

How do you know when you are running with correct form? If you are new to the sport this question can be a bit tricky. As with any sport it is good to get advice from a professional so that you can be sure you are getting into good habits off the bat. It is harder to correct bad habits after they have been formed so it is important to get advice on running form right from the start.

How To Get The Low Cost Sports Sneakers For All Ages

One of the best items of apparels and clothing is shoes. Although the shoes are mainly considered as accessories, there is no outfit that would be considered complete and yet there is no appropriate shoe. With the various kinds of climate conditions and even different uses of the shoes, there are specific footwear for all these situations.

Excellent, Larry. Thank you for taking the new article directory technology and making it work to the max. I encourage everyone to keep contributing and contributing regularly. I can attest to the fact that this site is already a strong directory in a field of many. Kudos to Larry!

Matthew C. It is full of nice little surprises that make the whole process of writing,

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I did a Google search and came across your site. It was exactly what I was looking for and was elated to find such a broad range of articles. As I am launching a free magazine in a small town in Florida,
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It is necessary to evaluate the track shoes in our life. Here we must realize that the shoes are suitable for the people who are outdoors. Actually, the rubber called Stealth in the shoes is especially significant. The shoes made by FIVE TEN Company are very famous in the world. Many famous sportsmen in the world choose the products of this company. In fact, the remarkable function of shoes mainly lies on the unique rubber called Stealth.

We must pay attention to one point. One of its important feature is the strong friction. According to the trials, we know that this kind of rubber’s friction is better than other materials. If you like climbing mountains, you had better choose this kind of shoes. The Vibram is often used in other running shoes. This kind of rubber is not so good as Stealth. As the time goes, the Vibram’s friction may lose. However, the Stealth will not change. This kind of shoes is very suitable, so a lot of sportsmen are willing to wear the shoes made of Stealth.

As we know, this kind of rubber’s friction is best in the world. Actually, nothing can be equal with this kind of rubber. However, it does not sell well in the market. In the world, there are many good corporations which use this kind of rubber to make shoes. They are Vasque, Five Ten, LL Bean and Chaco. Moreover, the sandals made by Chaco are very good and famous. We can not ignore the mark of Stealth. The mark of the Stealth is designed a silly cat. The cat is not lovely. Therefore, the products of Stealth are not as popular as Vibram’s. In addition, according to different purposes, the Stealth is divided into 5 categories. Different categories have different colors and marks. These categories are easy to differentiate. First, let us see red Stealth. This kind of Stealth is suitable to those who walk on the rocks. The friction of red Stealth is very strong. The yellow Stealth is a little soft. Its friction is also good. Moreover, this kind of rubber’s cushioning is also very excellent. We can not ignore this significant feature. We have to mention orange rubber. It is said that the orange Stealth has best friction. So it is especially suitable to rock climbing. If you want to climb mountains, you must choose orange Stealth. Actually, you can choose blue Stealth when you walk on the damp humid and smooth rock. At this time, you need not be afraid of the rushing water at all. The last one is dark green Stealth. The dark green Stealth is very rough. It is said that it is suitable to snowy ground. The running shoes are produced by Five Ten Corporation. The shoes apply for the XCR water proof material and Stealth rubber.

The shoes are very beautiful. The shoelaces of shoes are beautiful as neckties. We can find the shoes on the internet and some people sell them. So someone is interested in the shoes and decides to buy one pair. The shoes are so good that many people give good evaluation. A lot of customers choose this kind of shoes.
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Bedbugs could be a fairly significant issue and more recently bed bug infestations have been rising across the USA.

They are really some of the harder pests to take out fully. A key reason is there is no clear optimal approach for getting rid of them. Certain pesticides may be effective on a strain of bed bugs in Nevada but might not work when used on another infestation in Florida.

An additional reason why it difficult to eliminate bedbugs is that due to their tiny mass, it can be difficult to find the bed bugs within a property and get rid of each one entirely. Certain exterminators has gone so far as training puppies particularly for sniffing out and finding bedbugs since they do an improved job then people and many equipment. Dogs are able to locate bed bugs in areas that machinery will not work or humans cannot see.

Some bed bug infestation got so serious in New York City, a couple of stores were required to shut down because of customer safety and also for the employees. The shops were reopened after the bed bugs living in the store were removed entirely. There have also been reports of individuals staying at resorts when the were in New York that were bitten by bed bugs while they were sleeping.

Some may not know that bedbugs are little parasites that feed on human blood and also warm blooded pets in the home. The term “Don let the bedbugs bite” is not just something fictional and in reality is true.

Bedbugs most often wait close to beds or the couch to feed off of the people that use them. Although they can also live in numerous areas inside a house like carpet, curtains,
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the closet and other areas.

A thing many do not understand is how bed bugs get into their homes in the first place even though they keep their houses to be spotless and neat. A lot of times bed bugs get into a home for the reason that they got inside handbag, shoes or boots, luggage, and outfit. Whenever you get home they will get out and live there.

After they live inside a home and have their eggs,
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their numbers can begin multiplying dramatically and very quickly. An additional factor that makes that makes bed bugs are so tough is that they are able to live as much as a single year without having to feed on blood.

childrens timberland boots Aboriginal artist Peter Mungkuri wins inaugural Hadley

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“With less and less funding opportunities from federal, national, state [governments] and also less and less commercial galleries, these prizes are becoming more important for artists to have their work seen,” Dr Gough said.

Ms Slade said $100,000 was a game changer for an artist.

“Keep in mind that artists are among the lowest earners in the country,” she said.

“It might afford them to keep their studio, rent, it might afford them to extend their practice, it may afford them the opportunity to travel, to work in a medium or media they haven’t considered before.”

Amundsen linked prize may be next

Following the success of the new competition, the founder is already planning to introduce a second award next year.

One of the owners of the Hadley’s Hotel, Don Neil, personally paid for the prize and the costs of establishing it.

Mr Neil said he wanted to see the hotel grow as an art venue.

“At my age, you don’t buy green bananas,” he said.

“I want to move on and get another one going next year and expand the art theme so it’s not just a one off every year.”

Mr Neil is considering designing a prize around Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, who led the first expedition to reach the South Pole in 1911 and telegraphed his achievement from the hotel.

“He stayed here [at Hadley’s] and he’s a legend in Scandinavia,” Mr Neil said.

“Now, with the agreement of the Amundsen family or society, we could run the Amundsen Prize next year and have it focused on [the] Antarctic and tie it in with the Mawson Hut people and a general focus on Antarctica in Hobart.
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In a letter dated January 27, 1995, Glen Abney wrote about his life. It is condensed and summarized as follows:

After their marriage, Glen and his wife, Judy, first moved in with Judy=s grandmother, Estel Blevins, who lived in Byars. She owned and rented about 3,000 acres, some of it along the South Canadian River. She ran 500 or 600 head of cattle. Glen worked the calves, the roundups, and shipped her cattle. Judy=s mother and aunts also had cattle, so in the spring of the year, he and the other hands would start in one pasture and keep rounding up and working the cattle until they had worked all them all. In the fall, they would round up the cattle and ship the big steer calves, what heifers, and old cows that were to be sold. Glen=s job was to drive Grandmother Blevins=s old red Dodge cattle truck to all the pastures, help with the roundup, and then work the calves. He said it was hard work, but he enjoyed it.

He and Judy bought a ranch east of Byars and lived in a new brick home. They lived there from 1965 to 1974, when they divorced. During the time he lived there, he was also running mostly Hereford cattle. He and Judy owned 290 acres and rented another 510 acres. They had 30 head of cows and a herd bull. He also raised and showed Appaloosa horses. Their herd of horses consisted of 12 mares and colts and his stallion, which was named Quavo=s Rocket. in 1970. One of his horses, Sugar Foot, won the National Appaloosa Show for the head and heeling for three year olds. Glen was one of eight directors of Sooner Appaloosa Horse Club of Oklahoma. In addition to his ranch work, Glen was employed full time at the Kerr McGee Refinery at Wynnewood. As he stated in the letter, all this activity didn=t leave him with much time on his hands.

Glen was an avid hunter and had several adventures in that. Once he went to Alaska to hunt caribou, bear and moose. When they were put down in a drop camp, they were there five days before the plane returned for them. One problem was that the plane didn=t leave them any food, so they survived for five days, living off of caribou meat, blue berries, and what fish they caught. He also hunted in the Bitter Root Wilderness and the Idaho Wilderness. Among his hunting successes, in addition to the caribou, he killed a mule deer, three trophy buck antelope, one bull elk, a cinnamon colored black bear, and a female mountain lion, which weighed 125 pounds and was 7 foot long from nose to the tip of her tail.

Glen was proud of his two children, Bryan and Michele. His son, Bryan, taught school in Wynnewood Schools for several years before going to work at the Southern Oklahoma Resource Center at Pauls Valley. Glen=s daughter, Michele was Valedictorian at Washington High School. She was on the Washington track relay team where her team set a new state record. She also did some modeling and was featured in the Sunday Women=s feature wearing swim wear in the March 29, 1987 issue of the Daily Oklahoman.

GLEN ABNEY died on December 27, 2001 at Baptist Intregis Hospital, Oklahoma City from multiple heart related problems and the results of a stroke. His cousin, Jesse Spurlock, assisted in his funeral services and delivered the following eulogy. Not that I don=t have anything to say, but rather I don=t know what to say and what to leave out.

He was my Uncle Tom Abney=s youngest child. Tom Abney was one of the most respected and best liked men in Garvin County. He served five years as Deputy Sheriff of Garvin Country. Then he was elected as Garvin County Sheriff and served in that capacity for 16 years. Tom next served two terms as County Commissioner. What a big shadow Tom Abney cast! What large shoes for his son to try to fill!
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Although in the last several years, Glen began to physically resemble his dad more than ever before, I want you to know, Glen Abney was not Tom Abney and never even tried to be! He never tried to fill his dad=s shoes. He never tried to fill anyone else=s shoes. He was his own person in his own right, as anyone who knew him will affirm.

Many terms come to mind in describing Glen. He was an artist. He was a horseman. He was a cowboy. He was a hunter. He was retired from the Kerr McGee oil refinery. From his jokes, he could have been a stand up comic. The obituary information says he was a carpenter.

As I worked to assemble an Abney genealogy book, I asked Glen to give me some information on himself. He wrote a 12 page letter containing information on his life and adventures. I condensed it down for the book, but I had to leave out a lot because of space limits. However, I was fascinated with some of the information of what Glen had accomplished.

He had raised prize winning Appaloosa horses. One of his stallions, Quavo=s Rocket, sired several winners in various horse shows. One of his horses, Sugar Foot, won the National Appaloosa show for the head and heeling for three year olds. Glen served as one of eight directors of the Sooner Appaloosa Horse Club of Oklahoma. He also raised long horn cattle on the Abney Appaloosa Ranch near Elmore City. He had hunted in Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, and numerous other places. Among the animals he killed was a black bear and a 125 pound mountain lion. He provided me with pictures of his cattle, horses, and various wild animals he had killed in hunting expeditions. I=ve been in his house and have seen his many stuffed animals, including his stuffed rattle snake. Was that thing really a pet when it was alive, as Glen told me?? Man, what a pet!! He told me once that he threw it a live mouse to eat. He said the rattler struck and killed it, but didn=t eat it. I was looking at several of his sketches one day and was very impressed with the talent displayed in those. I said, AGlen, these are very good. Of course, I had forgotten he had sold many of his paintings. He gave many to friends and relatives.

Glen was an excellent shot with either rifle or pistol. One incident that would have been embarrassing to most good shooters, didn=t even phase Glen. He was hunting with my brother, Jim, in Colorado. He had a scope on his rifle and leaned across the top of Jim=s Buick to shoot down range. Of course, with the scope, Glen didn=t realize that the barrel of his rifle wasn=t clearing the top of Jim=s car. When he fired the round, he put a hole in the roof of Jim=s Buick. Most shooters would probably have been mortified, but Glen just asked Jim if he could have the hood of the Buick to mount as a trophy.

As I think about Glen=s humorous stories, I can=t help but remember one story that came out differently the second time he told it. I sort of chided Glen for the discrepancies. He laughed and said, AIt=s my story. He always had a joke to share. When Glen first entered Baptist Hospital several years ago, I was concerned about his spiritual condition and I went to see him with the intent of finding our about his status with the Lord. It was far too important to guess about. After he shared a few jokes with me and we had some laughs, I asked him directly if he had been Saved. Glen told me he had been. I asked him to tell me about that. He told me that he had gone to Love Baptist Church out southwest of Pauls Valley, when Bro. Howard Moore was the pastor. He said he had gone to the altar and accepted Jesus Christ as his personal Savior. He was baptized by Bro. Moore at Love Baptist Church.

When Glen=s health broke, to the point he was in the hospital, seemingly more than out, I visited him and asked him on other occasions about his spiritual condition. He always came back to his account of Love Baptist Church and Bro. Howard Moore. That was one of his stories that always came out the same. He assured me that he was prepared to meet the Lord.

I=m so thankful that Glen=s suffering has ended, but, My Goodness! How I=m going to miss visiting him and hearing his stories! Friends, Relatives, and Loved Ones, as long as we remember Glen=s stories, his humor,
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and see his art work, Glen will remain a part of our lives in the days ahead upon this earth.

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New research from Vanderbilt University indicates the way our brain handles how we move through space including being able to imagine literally stepping into someone else’s shoes may be related to how and why we experience empathy toward others.

The research was recently published in the online scientific journal PLoS ONE.

Empathy involves, in part, the ability to simulate the internal states of others.

“Our language is full of spatial metaphors, particularly when we attempt to explain or understand how other people think or feel. “Although future work is needed to elucidate the nature of the relationship between empathy, spatial abilities and their potentially overlapping neural underpinnings, this work provides initial evidence that empathy might be, in part, spatially represented.”

“We use spatial manipulations of mental representations all the time as we move through the physical world. As a result, we have readily available cognitive resources to deploy in our attempts to understand what we see. This may extend to our understanding of others’ mental states,” Katharine N. “Separate lines of neuroimaging research have noted involvement of the same brain area,
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the parietal cortex, during tasks involving visuo spatial processes and empathy.”

To test their hypothesis that empathy and spatial processes are linked, the researchers designed an experiment in which subjects had to imagine themselves in the position of another person and make a judgment about where this other person’s arm was pointing. The task required the subject to mentally transform their body position to that of the other person.

“We expected that the efficiency with which people could imagine these transformations would be associated with empathy,” Thakkar said. “Because we were interested in linking spatial ability with empathy, we also included a very simple task of spatial attention called the line bisection task. This test involves looking at a horizontal line and marking the midpoint. Although this task is very simple, it appears to be a powerful way to assess subtle biases in spatial attention.”

The researchers compared performance on the test with how empathetic the subjects reported themselves to be. They found that higher self reported empathy was associated with paying more attention to the right side of space. Previous research has found that the left side of the face is more emotionally expressive than the right side. Since the left side of the face would be on the right side of the observer, it is possible that attending more to the expressive side of people’s faces would allow one to better understand and respond to their mental state. These findings could also point to a role of the left hemisphere in empathy.

The researchers also found that in the female subjects only, the more empathetic people rated themselves, the longer they took to imagine themselves in the position of the person on the screen. Previous work has shown that women generally report more empathy than men and perform worse on tests of visuo spatial abilities. Park is an investigator in the Vanderbilt Kennedy Center for Research on Human Development. The research was funded by ThinkSwiss, the National Association for the Research of Schizophrenia and Depression and the National Institute of Mental Health.
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Get daily updates directly to your inbox+ SubscribeThank you for subscribing!The police statement the British glamour model drugged and kidnapped in Italy by a gang who intended to auction her as a sex slave can be revealed in full for the first time.In it 20 year old Chloe Ayling reveals in chilling detail how she feared for her life and was only freed when her captors realised she had a baby son back home in London.The mum of one explains how she was booked to take part in a photoshoot but was snatched by sex traffickers known as The Black Death whose boss, she claims, was angry ‘the kidnappers had taken the wrong woman’.Kidnapped glamour model reveals she ‘promised captor sex’ in return for her freedomShe also tells how she was injected with a drug and hidden in a bag in the boot of a car before later on, during her captivity, becoming aware she was being auctioned for sale on the Dark Web for Miss Ayling was eventually released after six days when Polish born Lukasz Herba, 30, from Oldbury in the West Midlands, took her to the British consulate in Milan and was promptly arrested himself.Chloe shows off her assets in an old photoShe was interviewed by by detectives from local police’s organised crime division Italy’s Flying Squad the same day,
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beginning at 11.30am, in the presence of an interpreter and a representative from the British Consul.Here is what happened, in her own words:To understand the events I need to make clear a shoot was arranged in Paris.I don’t remember the exact day but I am certain it was at the time of terror attack in Paris.’Evil!’ Lawyer of kidnapped glamour model put up for sale for sex slams people who doubt her storyThe appointment (booking details) was that i would arrive and leave after one night.It was arranged by my agent Phil Green way in advance as usual.But the details were shared only a few day before, specifically that i needed to do a shoot for a motorbike advert.The flight was paid for by the client who had paid the cost of the shoot to my agent.My share was about which I had received before leaving London.The hotel was also paid for by the client, I think directly.In Paris, I didn’t need to pay for anything. I arrived in the morning by plane and came by taxi to Hotel Madeline in the Fifth Arrondissement.Kidnapped model put up for sale as sex slave reveals she shared bed with her captor in “trusting relationship”The taxi had been booked by the people who had arranged the shoot.They were waiting at the airport with a sign with my name.After checking in, I walked around the area.The shoot was fixed for the next morning.The next morning I was having breakfast when the hotel put through a call from someone called Andre, the photographer,
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who said the shoot was cancelled.

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Emma Watson (Hermione Granger: Harry Potter) stars as Pauline Fossil in this heart warming drama about family, fame and realising your dreams. Set in 1930s London, it follows the adventures of three orphans Pauline, Petrova (Yasmin Paige) and Posy Fossil (Lucy Boynton: Miss Potter) who are adopted by an eccentric explorer, ‘Gum’ (Richard Griffiths: Harry Potter).

They are raised in a grand old house by his niece, Sylvia (Emilia Fox: Silent Witness) and Nana (BAFTA winner,
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Victoria Wood). Pauline longs to be an actress; Petrova wants to be an aviator, while Posy seems born to be a ballerina. But when Gum doesn’t return from an international expedition, they are left to fend for themselves.

To make ends meet, Sylvia takes in a cast of entertaining lodgers and the girls discover their star power at the Children’s Academy of Dance and Stage Training. Their struggles to balance personal ambition with earning their keep make for a funny and poignant drama.

The sisters’ vow to “put their names in the history books” becomes a promise to keep the family together at all costs.

Adapted and executive produced by the assured hand of Heidi Thomas (I Capture The Castle) from the classic novel by Noel Streatfield, Ballet Shoes is an uplifting family drama.
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The Irish, playing their first game of the season, fell behind 17 0 early in the first quarter and were unable to recover as the fourth ranked Huskers pulled out a 27 10 victory in front of the largest crowd ever at Memorial Stadium. ND, which turned the ball over an NCAA record low eight times last season, had four turnovers in the loss. The problems allowed the Huskers to play conservatively in the second half and finish off the Irish.

Omare Lowe blocked a field goal attempt that was returned 77 yards for a touchdown, and then took back an interception 27 yards for a score 51 seconds later as Washington started off 2001 in similar fashion to its 2000 season: with a fourth quarter, come from behind victory, a 23 18 win over Michigan. With Michigan leading 12 6 with 9:11 to go, Lowe blocked Hayden Epstein’s 23 yard field goal attempt and Roc Alexander scooped up the ball to give the Huskies the lead, which they never relinquished.
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Totally Rubbish is a fresh, exciting art show where our presenters Michelle Ackerley and Nigel Clarke turn useless rubbish into amazing, useful stuff. The programme focuses on recycling, upcycling and repurposing and each episode is packed full of original and cool ideas.

We show you great ways to prank your mates by creating a ‘Carrot Pen’, ‘Fake Poo’, ‘A Spilt Drink’ or a ‘Daft Disguise’. We visit a child and solve their recycling dilemma by getting inspiration from amazing artists who create fantastic works from recycled materials. We see how sweet wrappers, old plastic toys, telephone directories and cardboard boxes can be transformed into extraordinary works of art. We create ‘Something For Nothing’ from a bin bag full of rubbish. An old towel turns into a ‘Monster Doorstop’, a load of plastic bottles turns into a ‘Disco Bottle Ball’, a pile of crisp packets turns into ‘Funky Jewelry’ and a milk carton turns into a ‘Crazy Creature Money Box’.

Nigel and Michelle help Harriet find a use for her ever growing collection of driftwood, by getting inspiration from an artist who creates amazing animals from wood. Find out how to prank your friends by making a Daft Disguise, use your leftover balloons to make a ‘smashing’ Spider Piata, and turn an old CD case into a fancy Photo Frame. We check in with the ‘Totally Famous’ Chris Ofili and we check out how something small and yucky can be transformed into a thing of beauty!22 September 2017.
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Despite data being collected for over half a century, despite a President being warned about the looming threat of a changing climate in the mid 1960s, and despite plants and animals now changing their behaviour to fast altering conditions, a few scientists continue to raise doubts regarding climate science and its findings.

Naomi Oreskes sees a pattern. The pattern repeats itself in a string of issues including controversy over tobacco smoke, the dangers of acid rain, and DDT.

Naomi Oreskes tells the story in her book Merchants of Doubt and today on The Science Show we hear Naomi Oreskes in a public address at the University of NSW in 2010.

Robyn Williams: This is The Science Show on ABC Radio National, in which today we meet Naomi Oreskes from the University of California in San Diego. She’s a historian of science and she’s taken on a really perplexing puzzle why did climate science, once accepted by most, and really rather mainstream in the public mind, suddenly become a matter of controversial debate, even a political hot potato? Professor Oreskes has a story to tell. It’s in her book Merchants of Doubt, and it concerns watermelons, green on the outside, red within, and cigarettes, and Star Wars. Naomi Oreskes at the University of NSW.

Naomi Oreskes: Thank you so much, Robyn, for that generous introduction. So in 2005 my Austrian governor announced an initiative in California to commit the state of California to Kyoto level controls on greenhouse gas emissions. When he made this announcement he said, I say the debate is over, we know the science, we see the threat and we know the time for action is now. It’s not every day you get to agree with a politician, but I did agree with my governor. Indeed, I thought he was correct, we did know the science and we did see the threat. And in the mid 2000s it seemed that the American people had gotten the message.

A poll done by the Yale Project on Climate Change working together with the Gallup polling organisation showed that in 2007, 72% of Americans were completely or mostly convinced that global warming was underway. Indeed, 62% of American citizens believed that life on earth would continue without major disruptions only if society took immediate and drastic action to reduce global warming.

Indeed, at that time it did seem as if the debate was over, and even many prominent contrarians had come around and were accepting the scientific evidence. So for example one of these was Frank Luntz, a Republic Party strategist. And in 2006 he said, it’s now 2006. So he was off to a good start, he got the year right! I think most people would conclude that there is global warming taking place, and that the behaviour of humans are affecting the climate, still struggling with this syntax!

Luntz is important. The reason, he explained, was because climate change is a lot less frightening than global warming. He argued that Republican candidates running for office should use scientific uncertainty as a political strategy, that they should emphasise the scientific uncertainty around the issues and insist that there was no scientific consensus. So he wrote, ‘The scientific debate remains open, voters believe that there is no consensus about global warming within the scientific community. Should the public come to believe that the scientific issues are settled, their views about global warming will change accordingly. Therefore you need to continue to make the lack of scientific certainty a primary issue in the debate.’

So we see scientific uncertainty, the legitimate, real, normal uncertainty that’s part of all scientific research, being turned into a political tool. Now Luntz’s position was factually incorrect, the scientific debate was not still open. Indeed, in 2001 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change had written unequivocally, ‘Human activities are modifying the concentration of atmospheric constituents that absorb or scatter radiant energy. Most of the observed warming over the last 50 years is likely to have been due to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations.’ So the IPCC said that in 2001. But in fact the science had actually coalesced earlier than that. In the second assessment report of the IPCC published in 1995, the scientists had written, ‘The balance of evidence suggests a discernible human impact on global climate.’

In my own research as a historian of science, I was interested in the question of whether or not the IPCC reports were an accurate reflection of the rank and file of the scientific community. Did those summaries in the IPCC and in the US National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society and many other scientific societies who had attempted to summarise the scientific work, were those summaries consistent with what was published in the rank and file, peer reviewed scientific journals?

So in 2003 I did an analysis of the scientific literature and found that through a random sample of 1,000 articles in the ISI, Institute for Scientific Information database, that in fact none of the articles dissented from that IPCC position. In fact, there was essentially unanimity in the scientific community that the balance of evidence did suggest a discernible impact, and that most of the observed warming was likely to have been due to greenhouse gas emissions. I published this in Science Magazine in 2004.

This result surprised many people, but it really should not have. It only surprised us because we had forgotten our own history. In 1992, 193 nations, including the United States and Australia, signed the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, and when President George H. W. Bush signed the Framework Convention he called on world leaders to translate the written document into ‘concrete action to protect the planet’.

I’ve interviewed a number of people who were involved in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, asked them about what happened between then and now. One of them was Gus Speth who served on the Council of Environmental Quality in the Carter administration in the United States, and he said, ‘yes, we thought we were on track to make real changes.’

So what happened? What happened to this political consensus, this scientific consensus, that global warming was discernible? What happened to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change?

So what I want to do tonight is to give a very brief overview of the evolution of climate science, when scientists understood these different important facts about our climate system,
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and then a brief history of the emergence of a political challenge to that science. It’s a story of selling uncertainty to stave off government regulation and to protect the free market, as certain people understood it.

So for a historian of science, the beginning of the history of climate science could start probably most meaningfully with John Tyndall, who was the person who first established the concept of a greenhouse gas. So through a series of experiments in the 1850s, Tyndall showed that certain gases, particularly carbon dioxide and water vapour, had a very distinctive property of being highly transparent to visible light, but rather opaque to infrared. So water vapour and carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere allowed light to come in from the sun, but had a tendency to trap heat. Tyndall understood this is a very important fact about the earth, because without this natural greenhouse effect, the earth would be as cold as the moon or Mars and be a completely inhospitable place for life. So the natural greenhouse gas was basically a good thing.

The first person to suggest that changes in the greenhouse gas concentration could change the climate was this man Svante Arrhenius, a Swedish geochemist. Arrhenius was the first to suggest that by burning fossil fuels, mostly coal, we were adding additional carbon dioxide to the atmosphere above and beyond the natural CO 2 levels, and that this could change the climate through an increase in the absorption and trapping of heat in the atmosphere.

Arrhenius did the first calculations of the potential effect of doubling carbon dioxide, and calculated that doubling CO 2 would lead to an average global temperature increase of 1.5 to 4.5 centigrade. Arrhenius was Swedish, so he thought global warming would be a good thing! The first person to suggest that it might be a bad thing was Guy Stewart Callendar, a British steam engineer. In 1938, Callendar was the first to suggest that global warming was actually possibly already underway. He compiled some of the early measurements of CO 2 in the atmosphere from mostly in Europe, and in a publication in the quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society suggested that temperature might in fact already be beginning to increase. That was in 1938.

In 1939 war broke out in Europe, Callendar became involved in war work, as did many other scientists in various different disciplines. The issue was not really revisited in a serious way until the 1950s, when it was taken up by a number of scientists in Europe, the United States and here in Australia, and most particularly by two men, Hans Seuss and Roger Revelle, both professors at my university, the University of California in San Diego.

In 1957, Suess and Revelle published an article in the peer review journal, Tellus, in which they suggested that mankind was performing a great geophysical experiment, by taking carbon dioxide that had been stored in rocks over the course of hundreds of millions of years of geological history, and returning a very significant amount of that carbon dioxide back to the atmosphere over the course of only a few decades. This argument was also made by a number of people including Bert Bolin in Sweden, who later would work on acid rain and also found the IPCC.

So Revelle’s argument in 1957 was not that global warming was necessarily already underway, but that we needed to pay attention and track the issue. One of the most important ways to track it would be measuring the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to see if Callendar was correct, that it was actually already increasing. Through the International Geophysical Year in 1957 58, he obtained funding for the beginning of this project to measure carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

The person who undertook that work beginning in 1958 was Charles David Keeling, who began the systematic measurement of carbon dioxide as part of the International Geophysical Year. This became Dave Keeling’s life work. He continued it until he died just a few years ago. For this he won the National Medal of Science in the United States, awarded to him by President George W. Bush, and he produced what is now known as the Keeling Curve, which today is probably the single most reproduced time series data in the history of science.

What Keeling was able to show was that there was a systematic seasonal variability of carbon dioxide associated with photosynthesis, summer in the northern hemisphere where most of the land masses are, and by 1965 Keeling had already concluded that there was in fact a detectable increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This result led to the US President Science Advisory Committee writing a report with an appendix written by Revelle and Keeling, in which they made one of the early specific predictions of what the impact of increasing carbon dioxide might be. In 1965, they wrote, ‘By the year 2000 there will be about 25% more CO 2 in our atmosphere than at present, and this will modify the heat balance of the atmosphere to such an extent that marked changes in climate could occur.’ So that was in 1965.

Now it’s often said that politicians never listen to scientists, but that’s not always true. In this case, Keeling and Revelle’s report landed on the desk of President Lyndon Johnson, and in 1965 in a special message to congress Lyndon Jonson declared, ‘This generation has altered the composition of the atmosphere on a global scale through a steady increase in carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels.’ So if anyone says nobody knew, nobody could’ve know, we simply know that that’s not true.

There’s a lot of science that then begins to develop at this time, as the US government and other European governments and others begin to invest money in climate science research, but the most important is that this scientific insight coincides with the development of digital computing. By the late 1960s and early 1970s we see the rise of computer modelling and the construction of the first general circulation models, to model what happens to the atmosphere when you change the amount of greenhouse gases in it.

There was soon an emerging consensus in the expert community that given the rise of CO 2 that Keeling had documented, sooner or later warming would be expected to occur. This consensus was expressed by numerous different scientific bodies in many parts of the world. But one of the most concise summaries came from the US National Academy of Sciences in 1979, who wrote, ‘a plethora of studies from diverse sources indicates a consensus that climate changes will result from man’s combustion of fossil fuels and changes in land use’.

This is a very interesting quote, because sceptics love to say that science is not about consensus. They like to quote Galileo saying that ‘science advances by the work of heroic individuals’, and of course sometimes that’s true. Heroic individuals have played a role in the history of science. But it’s interesting to me to see here the National Academy of Sciences using consensus as their word, their category, to summarise what it is that scientists believe they know at this moment in time. What they know is that climate changes will result, that this will happen, from man’s using fossil fuels and changes in land use. We’ve also seen some sceptics complain that the scientific community has not paid enough attention to land use changes, but we see it right here in 1979.

Robyn Williams: You’re listening to The Science Show on ABC Radio National, Professor Naomi Oreskes at the University of NSW.

Naomi Oreskes: So scientists had a consensus that global warming would occur, but what they did not have a consensus about is when this would happen. In fact, the when part of the question was quite contested,
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and there was a big difference of opinion among scientists right in the 1970s about how soon any of these changes might actually become detectable.

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In learning about Gallipoli and the Anzacs, many students are making poppies, discovering the origins of Anzac biscuits and researching the lives of local WWI soldiers, while many schools will hold a ceremony for Anzac Day. You too can get in the spirit of the commemorations with these ten great s for teachers, parents and students: 1. Gallipoli: The First Day This interactive website allows children to experience what it was like for Australian soldiers to land at Gallipoli on the first day. It includes a 3D map space, a campaign overview and profiles of soldiers from both the Australian and Turkish sides. 2. Australian War Memorial website A comprehensive starting point to learn more about Gallipoli and Anzac Day. There’s a range of materials including personal stories and excerpts from diaries and letters written by Anzac soldiers. 3. Department of Veterans’ Affairs website Find information about local events across Australia that mark the Anzac Centenary. There’s also a fascinating section titled Great War Memories that shares anecdotes from the First World War, including perspectives from those at home. 4. Splash’s Topic on the ANZACs A rich collection of s, digibooks, audio clips and links from many different sources, including ABC News and the Australian War Memorial. There are also short films about the importance of the bugle call and the meaning of Anzac Day. 5. An Anzac Tale, by Greg Holfeld A graphic novel with the main characters portrayed as Australian animals. Striking illustrations tell the story of young Australians who were part of the Gallipoli landing. 6. A is for Anzac, by Matt Anderson The book uses each letter of the alphabet to mark a or theme related to Anzac Day. Check out this online adaptation. 7. An introduction to ANZAC DAY for early childhood An engaging Anzac Day themed website for younger children. It provides fun, hands on activities and games while weaving in facts about Australia’s involvement in the First World War and other conflicts. 8. Anzac Ted, by Belinda Landsberry (for younger children) A tale of a much loved and worn teddy, passed to a boy by his grandfather who served in the First World War. The book is a gentle way to share the importance of Anzac Day with younger children. 9. Remembering Them App Planning to travel over the school break and want to include some historic stops? The free app will provide a list of memorials, museums, war graves and other Australian sites that commemorate wartime history. 10. Anzac Centenary Poster Competition Keep children busy and engaged over the holidays by designing a poster to commemorate the Anzac Centenary. Draw or use arts and crafts. Roll of Honour The Australian War Memorial in Canberra is calling for schools to be part of the Roll of Honour Soundscape project. Students aged 10 12 make recordings in which they state the name and age (if known) of Australians who died in service during World War I. Visitors to the Memorial can then hear the recordings in the commemorative area. Year 6 students at Mount Pritchard Public School, NSW, made recordings last year using the project’s online app. Assistant principal Courtney Knight recommended the project to other schools as a way to make history come alive for students. “For our kids, it made that part of Australian history more relevant,” Mrs Knight said. “It really allowed them to make a connection, especially when they read out the age of the person. It wasn’t just a name on a page; it made it more real for them,” she said. Mrs Knight said some students were motivated to undertake their own research about the First World War, after being involved in the project. “It gives children the opportunity to become part of Australian history,” she added. The online app, Remember Me, is easy to use. There’s even an online tutorial available, which shows teachers and students exactly how it’s done. Australian War Memorial Centenary of Anzac project manager Darren Noack said about 7,800 recordings have been made so far. The recordings will heard at the War Memorial until Remembrance Day 2018 and will be held in the Memorial files after that. ABC Splash ANZAC Topic Page We’ve curated a selection of clips from the Splash Library and from across the ABC all mapped to the Australian Curriculum, including these clips on The Last Post andThe meaning of ANZAC Day. Gallipoli The First Day: Interactive documentary site Get your students to immerse themselves in the first day landings at Gallipoli in 1914. An extensive that explores Australian and Turkish perspectives on the ‘day that shaped a nation’. Australian War Memorial Education Resources A great collection of practical activities and primary s for use in the classroom as well as this collectionof s exploring multiculturalism in the AIF. M is for Mates: Animals in Wartime Did you know animals could be awarded a medal for bravery in war? Ideal for younger students learning about different aspects of war, this publication by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs takes a different, often uplifting, take on life on the frontline. Andrew Denton’s Brothers In Arms This clip invites older students to contemplate the many different ways the past is remembered and commemorated. An excellent introduction to the way documentary can contribute to the historical record. Photographer: CPL Melina Mancuso

WW1: Fromelles and Pozieres ABC and Department of Veterans’ Affairs In World War I, the battles of Fromelles and Pozieres were the first major engagements for Australian troops on the Western Front and their first experience of trench warfare. This website and the associated apps for iOS and Android tell the stories of the two battles and contain a wealth of original source information such as maps, soldiers diaries, and archive photographs as well original interviews putting the events into historical context. Learn more about this critical period of ANZAC history with WWI: Fromelles and Pozieres.
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Let me start with the opera, Sea of Blood. Yes, it is ominously named and deliberately so.

Here’s the plot: Japan has occupied North Korea. A poor tenant farmer named Yun Seop joins others to fight the invaders. All are soon killed, but Yun Seop’s wife raises an army of resistance and defeats the might of the Japanese forces.

Sea of Blood is revered in North Korea as the perfect representation of Korean spirit.

The opera was adapted from the play Blood Sea, written by North Korea’s founding father Kim Il sung.

It is the artistic representation of what North Koreans call “juche”.

You cannot possibly understand North Korea without grasping juche it is the key to the hermit kingdom.

The North Korean regime used music to deliver this philosophy to the masses.

In a thesis for the University of Pretoria, Kisoo Cho looked at how the revolutionary opera became the embodiment of this idea.

“It is no exaggeration to say that all the arias and songs performed in the opera contain political messages,” Mr Cho wrote.

Indeed, Kim Jong il who inherited power from his father said: “Music must work for politics and music without politics is the same as flowers without scent.”Korean scholar Hyun Joo Lee studied the transformation of North Korean music and drew a direct link to Hegel’s ideas of history.

“North Korean music cannot break the bounds of Hegel’s philosophy,” she wrote.

Hegel is many things to many people.

He is widely considered the philosopher most difficult to read, yet his ideas continue to resonate.

Is North Korea ‘unpredictable’? Analysts and officials have described North Korea as “unpredictable”,
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but Stan Grant writes that the Kim regime is anything but.

American political scientist Francis Fukuyama famously drew on Hegel at the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet empire to ask if the world was witnessing the end of history.

Hegel believed that history would deliver us to the “absolute moment”.

For Hegel, world history was driven by the battle of ideas.

Dr Fukuyama believed the absolute moment was the triumph of Western liberal democracy over communism in the late 1980s.

This was history’s zenith; the superior idea had won, history was at an end.

It was ironic because the father of communism, Karl Marx, was also a Hegelian.

Marx saw Hegel’s concept of history a beginning, a middle, and an end as culminating in the “workers’ paradise”, with the proletariat having overthrown the capitalist bourgeoisie.

As one communist regime after another fell, North Korea remained in the secretive capital Pyongyang,
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Dr Fukuyama’s history did not prevail.

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UNION, Maine Unless you’re right in front of the small unsuspecting camp on Fuller’s Island in the middle of Crawford Pond, you most likely could go a whole day on the small lake without knowing it existed.

Discovering the camp’s secluded presence is surprise No. 1.

The camp, built in 1910 according to Union town records, unleashes its second surprise when you dock your boat, trudge across the island’s thick foundation of dried pine needles and step inside.

It takes a while to gather stock of the whole scene: a chalkboard sign next to the door reads “Oct. 3, 1976, Great Day!! Mom,” an array of local newspapers stacked in the corner of the camp’s large front room date back to the 1980s, and dried tea bags lay in quahog shells next to empty mugs signs that this was most likely where a former owner spent their summer mornings.

It’s as if someone left the camp one morning with every intention to come back and just never did.

It’s an assumption the camp’s newest owners, local siblings Stephen Brooks, Mark Brooks and Julie Scaccia have held since they purchased the camp earlier this year. They’ve spent the last few months looking through a century’s worth of books, tools and other vintage items left behind.

“I wish we had more information. It would be cool to find a journal here. I was hoping we would find something like that,” Mark Brooks said. “It’s just bizarre.”

Camps in any other state might be called a lake house or a cottage, but in Maine, the term “camp” has come to mean a place owned for the purpose of getting away from the world for a moment as a summer or simply a weekend vacation spot.

The siblings have their own camps on the shores of Crawford Pond and had known the Fuller’s Island camp had been for sale for at least two years. But this spring, Stephen Brooks sought to track down the camp’s owner who was living in Utah with his family.

He wrote the former owner, Harold McComb, a handwritten letter expressing interest in purchasing the camp, not knowing if he would ever hear back. Two weeks later he received an email from McComb and realized he needed to bring his siblings on board so they could own the camp together. Within two hours of receiving the email, without ever stepping inside of the camp, the family and McComb had reached a purchase agreement.

When the family finally made it out to the camp, which is only accessible by boat, they were shocked by what they found. Aside from a tree that had done some damage to the roof, the camp was in good condition and packed with belongings of the previous tenants, who they knew very little about.

“I was kind of shocked because it was, ‘Oh my gosh, everything is still in here,'” Stephen Brooks said. “There’s still pictures, you know?”

The camp, which has no running water or electricity, hasn’t been lived in for nearly three years, but it looks like someone from a different decade could be returning home any minute because of the collection of vintage items compiled from previous inhabitants. The mint green kitchen cabinets are still filled with glassware and dishes. A medicine cabinet to the left of the sink holds first aid products long past their intended use by dates. Tucked inside one of the cabinets is a to do list, assigning different names with different tasks.

“Johnny get the water” and “Ellen cook breakfast” are mere words written in pencil, but the chart gives a glimpse into camp days that occurred decades ago.

All of the appliances including the stove and the refrigerator are gas powered, along with the ornate lamps hanging in the living room and the sole bedroom. Water for the camp has to be brought out to the island or obtained from the fresh water spring on a different island behind Fuller’s Island.

In the living room, a wooden ship figurehead that adorns the wall steals the eye. The figurehead, a woman with a bare chest and arms back,
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holds command over the camp. Below the figurehead, a large American flag folded and in mint condition waits to be strung up a pole or hung on a wall.

A pair of hockey skates were left out next to the couch, which, along with ice harvesting tools and a large woodstove suggest that this camp had visitors even in winter. On a table in the middle of the living room, old cameras, photos and birthday cards give a glimpse into the lives that were connected to this place.

Nearly every shelf and drawer in the camp is overflowing with every publication imaginable from nearly every decade since the early 1920s. Accompanying an impressive collection of National Geographic Magazines are Cosmopolitans from the 1950s, New Yorkers from the 1960s, Time and Life Magazines that run the entire 20th Century, and one issue of Fortune Magazine dating back to the 1930s, just to name a few.

In the back bedroom, shoes are still neatly tucked under the bed and drawers are full of extra sheets and linens. Old jackets hang from a rod in the corner and cosmetics of a different time dot the dressers below yet more archives of books and magazines.

Taken altogether, the items in the camp paint a picture of who has lived there. But the Brooks family hasn’t had much communication with the previous owner about details other than the sale of the camp. Stephen Brooks offered to let McComb take anything out of the camp that he wanted, but McComb declined.

The Bangor Daily News reached out this week to McComb, who at age 80 lives in St. George, Utah, with his sister. He confirmed he had every intention to go back to the camp one day, but one winter the snow was just too much at his home on the mainland in Union, and he took his sister up on the offer to move out west.

“Well, I’m 80 years old, and I can’t shovel snow anymore and the year I left there was 5 feet of snow, and I said, ‘That’s it,'” McComb said. “I love the weather [in Utah], but I miss that camp.”

McComb said he received the camp in the early 1970s as a gift from his friend Ellen Fuller, who built the camp and had utilized it during the summers until the 1960s. McComb, a Michigan native, came to Maine as a miner, working first in Jackman mining copper and ultimately moving to Union to mine nickel, he said.

Fuller and McComb had been close friends, and she offered to pass on the Crawford Pond camp for McComb and his wife to stay. McComb then established a home on 10 acres near Crawford Pond, religiously returning to the camp spring through fall each year trying only a few times to stay during the winter. With the camp lacking insulation, he never stayed a full winter on the island.

“We loved the peace and quiet and tranquility,” McComb said. “The geese would nest right in the front of the camp and the loons would nest around back. We just loved that.”

Just as the Brooks intend to keep the camp relatively as is with the vintage belongings intact when McComb moved into the camp, he kept most of what Fuller had in it. The collection of magazines and medicines belonged to Fuller, as did the boxes of rulers and pencil sharpeners, which McComb said she had because she was a school teacher in Syracuse, New York.

With McComb not having any children, the list of chores likely belonged to Fuller and her family. However, the figurehead depicting a topless woman is an addition to the camp made by McComb after he purchased it in Texas in the mid 1970s.

Despite being from away himself, McComb said he is glad to have sold the camp to a local family,
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given that he had no relatives who were interested in buying the camp.

After putting on a new roof this summer, the new owners intend to work on the camp until they have to take their boats out of the water this fall so it can be ready for next summer. The family is hoping to rent out the camp to folks who will enjoy the seclusion and who won’t mind the relics of summers’ past staying in the camp.

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A model walks the runway during Payless at Abaete 2009 Fashion Show at the Mercedes Benz Fashion Week in New York February 13, 2009. But Siriano is not the only high end designer to land such a deal: Laura Poretzky of Abaete has been creating hot shoes for Payless for a few seasons, now.

A model walks the runway during Payless at Abaete 2009 Fashion Show at the Mercedes Benz Fashion Week in New York February 13, 2009. (Getty Images)more pics

These shoes debuted on February 13, 2009 at the Abaete show for Mercedes Benz Fashion Week. They are indeed lots of fun, but you have to wait for your pair: Poretzky designs won hit Payless stores until this fall. I think the chained booties are perhaps the perfect party shoe, don you agree?

A model walks the runway during Payless at Abaete 2009 Fashion Show at the Mercedes Benz Fashion Week in New York February 13, 2009. (Getty Images)more pics

A model walks the runway during Payless at Abaete 2009 Fashion Show at the Mercedes Benz Fashion Week in New York February 13, 2009. (Getty Images)more pics A model walks the runway during Payless at Abaete 2009 Fashion Show at the Mercedes Benz Fashion Week in New York February 13, 2009. (Getty Images)more pics A model walks the runway during Payless at Abaete 2009 Fashion Show at the Mercedes Benz Fashion Week in New York February 13, 2009. (Getty Images)more pics
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timberland safety trainers AB de Villiers offers insight into India captain’s life ahead of ICC Champions Trophy final

timberland boots for babies AB de Villiers offers insight into India captain’s life ahead of ICC Champions Trophy final

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ICC Champions Trophy final: Pakistan v IndiaVenue: The Oval Date: Sunday, 18 June Start time: 10:30 BSTCoverage: Highlights on BBC Two (23:15 BST), ball by ball Test Match Special commentary on BBC Radio 5 live sports extra; in play highlights and text commentary on the BBC Sport website

There are a few people who would love to be standing in Virat Kohli’s shoes this weekend, leading their national team into the final of Champions Trophy, and there is no doubt the captain of India will be relishing the prospect of Sunday’s final against Pakistan at The Oval.

Eoin Morgan of England, Steve Smith of Australia and Kane Williamson of New Zealand are three great cricketers and captains who will be watching the final from the sidelines, perhaps pondering the often tiny margins between victory and defeat in these tournaments.

As South Africa captain, I know how they feel.

AB de Villiers and Virat Kohli have scored more than 7,000 runs while playing together for Royal Challengers Bangalore in the IPLI have been privileged to play alongside him in the last six Indian Premier League tournaments and, as his team mate at Royal Challengers Bangalore, have seen at first hand not only his extraordinary skill as a batsman but also the energy and intensity that he brings to the game.

He is a consummate surgeon at the crease, intensely focussed, working hard, playing the ball into gaps in the field and staying calm under pressure. He is always judging the right time to consolidate and the right time to seize a game by the scruff of the neck.

The sheer volume of his runs leaves no room for debate: Virat has scored 8,008 runs in 183 one day internationals, at an average of 54.47, and this week moved to the top of the ICC rankings of ODI batsmen.

He has found his best form in this tournament, scoring an unbeaten 81 in India’s opening win over Pakistan, adding an unbeaten 76 in the do or die victory over South Africa, and compiling a clinical and commanding 96 not out in the semi final victory over Bangladesh.

India’s batting order is decorated with many brilliant talents, but the Pakistan bowlers will realise the paramount importance of controlling Virat on Sunday.

He has been blessed with wonderful natural talent but, as ever among high achievers, his talent is underpinned by a willingness to work hard.

Unseen, he is determined and relentless in training, remaining in the nets as long as necessary to ensure he feels comfortable with every aspect of his game. I have watched him rehearse his strokes over and over again, until sweat is pouring from his brow, never stopping until he is satisfied.

Beyond the golden talent and the iron determination, Virat has learned how to cope with the pressures of his exalted position.

If you drive into almost any city in India, you will see his face appear on every other billboard. Being the most marketable and possibly the most popular personality in a nation of 1.3bn people brings its own pressures: he simply cannot move without being begged for a ‘selfie’ and his every move, word and even gesture is relentlessly reported in print, electronic and social media.

Twitter whirred when he stuck out his tongue to celebrate a wicket against Bangladesh.

Virat has learned to live with these realities. and also to accept the burden of unrealistic expectation that he should score runs every time he reaches the crease, and that his team should win every time they take the field.

When things don’t go well and, unfortunately, for Virat as for anyone else, things don’t always go well he falls back on his intense commitment and works ever harder until he turns the corner and meets the excessively high expectations.
timberland safety trainers AB de Villiers offers insight into India captain's life ahead of ICC Champions Trophy final