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Three years ago, a court psychologist wrote that most of Williams’ arrests “are due to regular association” with his uncle, who “constantly gets in legal trouble.” In fact, he said, Williams “envies” his uncle, who is only five years older.

In 1999, Williams told police that he was with Itchy Man when his uncle shot Ellis Johnson and 15 minutes later murdered Lewis Middleton as he talked on a street corner pay phone.

Police charged Itchy Man, Williams and a third man with the killing, but city juries would acquit them. Prosecutors did not use Williams’ confession at the trials.

Williams was two months shy of his 18th birthday when those crimes occurred, and his lawyer asked that he be tried in Juvenile Court.

That request triggered an evaluation of Williams by Circuit Court psychologist Jay I. Levinson, who wrote about the close relationship between uncle and nephew.

Levinson wrote a report that called Williams “a significant risk to public safety.” It said he suffered from a personality disorder, seemed “quite streetwise . uses a lot of denial and seems to have no respect for the justice system.”

Williams had been removed from his mother’s home at 13 because of neglect, Levinson said, and had dropped out of the ninth grade when he was arrested. Levinson wrote that Williams could barely read at a fifth grade level, had no job and lived with a grandmother who supported him.

14 arrests as juvenile

He said Williams had been arrested 14 times as a juvenile but had only one conviction, for auto theft.

His first conviction in criminal court came in January 1998, when he and Itchy Man pleaded guilty in the beating of Raymond Fortune.

Fortune told police that Itchy Man robbed him at gunpoint of his sweat suit, his Timberland boots and a gold chain in 1996. Fortune then heard Itchy Man say the gun wasn’t loaded and started a fight.

At that, Williams, who was 15 at the time, picked up a ceiling fan and whacked Fortune in the head, Officer James Schuler wrote.

Itchy Man “grabbed a baseball bat and he and Karlos beat and kicked Mr. Fortune until he was unconscious,” Schuler added.

“Injuries to the victim included: 3 teeth knocked out, a broken jaw, left eye knocked out of socket, bottom lip had to be sewn back and multiple facial lacerations.”

Judge Carol E. Smith sentenced Williams to 10 years in prison, with 8 1/2 years suspended, and three years’ probation.

In October 2000, after his acquittal in the Middleton and Johnson shootings, Williams was brought back before Judge Smith on a charge that he had violated his probation in the Fortune case. Williams’ lawyer told Smith that her client, then 19, had a 2 year old son and had a 4 year old daughter who had died two months earlier. “He tells me that she was poisoned,” said Kim Connaughton, the lawyer.

Williams begged Smith not to send him to prison to serve the full 10 year term.

“I know I violated your probation,” he told Smith.

“Your honor, I’m done with this. I ask for another chance. I’m done with this court stuff. I’m done with this breaking the law. I put my hands up with it. I’m done with it. I just ask for another chance.”

Smith dropped the charge, freeing Williams.

“I hope he wised up,” the judge muttered in a comment picked up by the video recording equipment.

Williams’ pledge to Smith lasted less than a year.

On Labor Day 2001, he and another man were arrested in a house in the 2600 block of Guilford Ave. and charged with terrorizing its residents. Williams was held on $500,000 bail and eventually charged with two other home invasions and a robbery and shooting.
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Here at Property Tax Central, The Watchdog reads Gov. Greg Abbott’s property tax proposals. I expect them to be as boring and unmemorable as Abbott himself.

I’ve watched him for 16 years, since he became Texas attorney general in 2002. I confidently say that Abbott is smart and successful, but he’s not a risk taker. He’s rarely the first to say or do anything that puts his own neck on the line. He’s almost never surprising.

At least, in this one proposal, he’s all of the above. Oh, and I realize this is an election year ploy by a candidate to play to voters’ top concerns. But I’m judging this proposal on the basis of Abbott’s past plodding career. His is an attack upon Texas’ entire local government culture. It’s I daresay radical.

Wow No. 1

Property taxes for many homeowners are going up the maximum 10 percent a year. Abbott proposes that local governments city, county, hospital, college and school district be allowed to jump only 2.5 percent in budget growth each year. Anything above that must go to the voters.

This floors me. 2.5 percent is a pittance in the government world.

Last year, the state Senate approved a 4 percent cap; the House wanted 6 percent. They couldn’t agree. Abbott easily could have played it safe with 4, 5 or 6 percent. But he drops it to 2.5 percent, sure to incite government officials everywhere in mass protest.

And that’s what is happening. The reaction among elected officials is mostly, “How dare he? Let us do our job.”

Abbott spokesman John Wittman said,
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“The only cynical reaction you are hearing is from bureaucrats who will have to learn to live within their means.”

This is war.

Wow No. 2

Governments could break the 2.5 percent mark for pay increases for public safety officers and teachers and work on roads and bridges. But elected officials first must approve the shattering of the cap by a two thirds super majority on their board. Then voters would have to approve the jump by that same 67 percent.

You know what? Needing 67 percent of voters to approve a tax increase is the kiss of death. Who gets 67 percent in any election, let alone for a tax increase?

Abbott is playing hardball.

Wow No. 3

As if that’s not enough, Abbott wants a voter’s ballot in a bond election to list the government’s outstanding debt and payment costs and show the proposed debt, its costs and how the borrowed money would be used. Another kiss of death.

Wow No. 4

Abbott attacks the status quo. He’s clear in his condemnation of property taxes as “remnants of an antiquated system of taxation that was necessitated because wealth tied directly to the land: farming and ranching primarily.”

The governor calls the current system “outdated” and says it has left us with a “costly bureaucracy” running “a highly inefficient form of taxation.”

Wow No. 5

Still not impressed that Abbott is stepping out of his safety zone? Here, in full, is how he attacks one of the most worshipped spending institutions in Texas lore.

“Restraining the growth of local debt, then, is key to reducing property tax burdens. In the last decade alone, at least a dozen school districts have constructed football stadiums costing tens of millions of dollars each, $500 million has been spent on indoor practice facilities, and average cost of a high school football stadium has quadrupled.”

Wow No. 6

He attacks school district staffing increases, especially those with top heavy administrations. The governor notes that there are 688,000 school employees in Texas. “It would be one thing if the vast majority of Texas public school employees were classroom teachers,” he says. But “only half are teachers.” Administrators are paid more than teachers, he adds.
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Provincial police have laid further historical sexual assault charges against a Perth man first charged last year.

Ontario Provincial Police reported Thursday that a fifth alleged victim has been identified in their investigation of Timothy Patrick O 53 year old man was previously charged in connection with alleged sex offences against four people in the 1990s and early 2000s, following an investigation that started in July 2016.

On Dec. 14, the Leeds County OPP crime unit rearrested and charged O in connection with sexual offences that allegedly occurred between 1995 and 2006, police said Thursday.

O is now charged with one count of invitation to sexual touching; five counts of sexual assault; six counts of sexual exploitation; and three counts of sexual interference.

He was released from custody pending a Brockville court appearance on Friday.

OPP officers were still asking members of the public with information about the case to call the Leeds County crime unit at 613 345 1790 or toll free at 1 888 310 1122. Police say all information will be handled confidentially.
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completion program. The program curriculum is designed so that students spend only one day per week on campus and all course work is completed in three semesters, which allows those individuals who are limited by location and/or employment a greater opportunity to participate in the program. completion program in a format that is time efficient.

The compressed curriculum design incorporates a blend of in class, web enhanced, and online courses over seven week sessions. Each student will have a plan of study developed and will have access to a variety of support and retention activities designed to ensure their success, including: the assignment of a mentor; computer support; tutoring and writing center services; access to Penn State’s course management system (Canvas) and extensive library collection; and online or in person access to project staff and faculty.
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Taylor first ton after return levels seriesMatch DetailsSeries: Zimbabwe tour of United Arab Emirates 2017/18Toss: Zimbabwe , elected to bat firstPlayer Of The Match: Brendan TaylorUmpires: Nigel Llong and Bismillah Jan ShinwariTV Umpires: Ahmed Shah PakteenReserve Umpire: Ahmed Shah DurraniMatch Referee: Sir Richie Richardson

29.6Chatara to Dawlat Zadran, no run, short ball, goes for a pull shot but misses it29.5Chatara to Dawlat Zadran, FOUR runs, onto the pads again, moves across to the off stump and nudges it fine down to fine leg for a boundary29.4Chatara to Dawlat Zadran, 2 runs, short ball, moves away and flicks it just over short fine leg for a couple29.3Chatara to Dawlat Zadran, SIX runs, fuller ball just outside off, moves a bit away and slaps it straight over long off for another six29.2Chatara to Dawlat Zadran, no run, full on leg, drives it along the ground to mid on but no run there
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When Jackie Dent first heard the benefits of floating therapy to alleviate back pain she was skeptical.

The Lakeshore woman had been battling severe back pain and was desperate for relief. She had tried the chiropractor, acupuncture and physiotherapy, but nothing worked.

collapse to the floor because the pain was so bad. Any movement just standing, sitting and moving around hurt a lot. three sessions of floating therapy, her back pain has subsided.

Float Lakeshore opened a few months ago offering the therapy, which is being used for muscle recovery, sleep enhancement and mental clarity.

The business has two white pods in separate rooms where customers can get floating therapy. Each pod is three metres long by 1.8 metres wide and contains 25 centimetres of water in which 450 kilograms of Epsom salts have been dissolved.

The pod has a lid that can be closed once someone is inside. This deprives them of sight, sound and touch stimulation. The lack of outside distractions allows the the pod occupant to focus inward to facilitate relaxation and introspection.

The idea behind the therapy is for people to enjoy the healing benefits of the Epsom salts and relax while they float, said Float Lakeshore manager Melissa Halley.

Stephanie Dupuis enjoys a floating therapy session at Float Lakeshore on Dec. 6, 2017.

definitely was skeptical about it, Dent said. wasn sure what to expect and whether it would actually work. I assumed I would get in and just sink, but I floated and it was really relaxing. climbing into the pod and floating for an hour, she emerged feeling much better. She was so relaxed she fell asleep while floating.

in the pod because there was no pressure on any joints allowed me to really relax, she said. the day I was really tense because I was in a lot of pain. But in the pod I was really relaxed.

salt helped with the inflammation, so for most of the day afterward I felt very minimal pain. I was able to walk and sit, I was surprised how great I felt. have come in looking for relief for everything from muscle pain to skin conditions, said Halley.

is here for a different reason, she said. people are here just to be away from the outside world. They want to get to that relaxation point, while other people are here for depression, anxiety, muscle aches and pains, and some are recovering from car accidents and other injuries. benefits of floating therapy are threefold, Halley said. The Epsom salts draw toxins from the body, sedate the nervous system, reduce swelling and relax muscles. Floating in the pod allows the body to decompress. 6, 2017.

Epsom salts are made up of magnesium sulphate, which is a natural anti inflammatory, Halley said.

where you get your muscle release from your aches and pains and it stops you from having to use ibuprofen or any of the medications like that. pod is cleaned between sessions and the body temperature water is recycled through a charcoal filter. Before and after floating customers are required to shower completely.

been so busy since we opened, Halley said. are getting everyone from 16 years old to 92 year olds coming out and giving it a try. Some couples are even using it as a date night. single float costs $75 for an hour. There are also memberships and package deals. Float Lakeshore is located at 1303 County Road 22 in Lakeshore.
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timberland for men Aberdeen And Northern Scotland Pub Quiz Directory

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Scream, Schoolhill. Starts 9.30pm. Free entry. Hosted by Irish John. Especially popular with students who can take advantage of ‘Yellow Card’ drink prices.Dizzy’s Bar, Carden Place. Fortnightly at 8.00pm. 1.50 per person. Maximum 5 persons per team. 1st Prize: round of drinks and winner chooses charity to donate all the money raised that night.Queen Vic, Rosemount Place. Starts 8.30pm. 1.00 per person. Six rounds of 10 questions including joker round for double points. 1st Prize: 15 drinks voucher. 2nd Prize: 10 drinks voucher. ‘Play Your Cards Right’ end game.The Illicit Still, Broad Street. Starts 9.30pm. Free entry. Winner gets round of drinks. Free sandwiches if you’re lucky.Belmont Cinema, Belmont Street. Starts 9.15pm. Held in the Cafe Bar. Definately one for film buffs.The Hogshead, Little Belmont Street. Starts 9.30pm. Free entry. Run by the friendly bar staff.Murdo’s, Cairncry Road. Starts 8.30pm. Run by the bar. Please phone (01224) 789911 to confirm.Bucksburn Manor, Inverurie Road, Bucksburn. Starts 8.30pm. Free entry. Chaired by professor of trivia Gordon Pirie who, according to legend, used to win 80 a night from Monopoly machines!!!Slains Castle, Belmont Street. Starts 8.30pm. Free entry. It’s quizmaster Dan asking the questions at this popular midweek event.Kintore Arms, Kintore. Starts 8.00pm. Six rounds of 10 questions including joker round for double points. 1st Prize: 20 drinks voucher. 2nd Prize: 15 drinks voucher. 3rd Prize: 10 drinks voucher. ‘Lucky Number Draw’ raffle at end of night goes up 10 a week until won.Campbell’s Bar, Torry. Starts 8.30pm. Fun quiz with bingo at half time for bottles of vodka. Quizmasters. Buckie Farm, Parkway, Bridge Of Don. Starts 9.00pm. 1 per person. Popular, long running quiz night. Cash pot is split between the top two teams with the winner getting the lion’s share. Meal vouchers for third prize and occasional bonus food and drink prizes. Named “the best pub quiz in the North” by the Sunday Times! See special feature below.The Hen Blackie, Burnside Drive, Dyce. Starts 9.00pm. Free entry. Long running quiz night hosted by Easi Discos. Meal vouchers for winner and runner up.Holburn Bar, 225 Holburn Street. Starts 8.30pm. Hosted by Alan.The Staging Post, Bucksburn. Starts 8.30pm. Check for availability.Ghillies Lair, Bridge Of Dee. Starts 8.30pm. Free entry. 1st Prize: 15 leisure voucher. 2nd Prize: bottle of wine. ‘Prize Draw’ raffle at end of night goes up 10 a week until won.Frankensteins, Union Street. Starts 8.00pm. Free entry. Winners get five drinks at bar.What? Your quiz night isn’t here! ADD IT TO THE DIRECTORY NOW!Contact Quizmaster John.FEATURED QUIZMASTERS PUB QUIZ: THE FOUNDRY.ALAS, THIS LONG RUNNING AND POPULAR QUIZ NIGHT WAS STOPPED BY THE NEW MANAGEMENT IN 2009 ON THE BASIS THAT IT TOOK AWAY BUSINESS FROM THE HOLBURN BAR QUIZ JUST DOWN THE ROAD,
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FREMONT COUNTY, Colo. It described as a power struggle in Cotopaxi as departures and administrative changes affect the Deer Mountain Volunteer Fire District.

Firefighters say the situation came to a head during a Monday board meeting when new members were appointed, including a new fire chief who had previously served in the position.

In response, one firefighter said most of the 20 member crew resigned or was fired, blaming the administration for failing to comply with safety codes and regulations.

However, the board president said only seven firefighters, including the then current chief, had left.

The two sides disagree on whether the situation leaves the public with reduced fire protection or emergency medical services.

The district will hold a special meeting Friday to further discuss the situation.

One firefighter said a citizen group has formed and is considering legal action.

Conflicts within rural fire departments are not unusual in southern Colorado. The Four Mile District of Teller County experienced a similar situation last year.
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Martin O has warned the Republic of Ireland they may have to score twice to beat Denmark to a place at the World Cup finals in Russia.

O men emerged from their play off first leg trip to Copenhagen with a hard fought 0 0 draw, but the 65 year old was quick to admit that keeping Christian Eriksen and company quiet all over again in Dublin on Tuesday night may prove difficult.

the way I am looking at it, and we will have to show a bit more creativity during the course of the game at the Aviva. But I think we are capable of doing that.

on by a big crowd as well We have a lot to play for, anyway. were indebted to goalkeeper Darren Randolph for their clean sheet at the Parken Stadium as he pulled off a string of fine saves to keep them level, although he was relieved to see wideman Pione Sisto steer wide of an open goal after he had repelled Eriksen first half effort.

O who saw the Middlesbrough keeper tip a last gasp header from substitute Yussuf Poulsen over the bar, said: Randolph is a very fine goalkeeper and I thought he made a very good save, an excellent save, and the one he tipped over the bar.

the way he been playing for us during the course of this campaign.

players put a big effort into the game. It would have been great if we could have scored a goal, but I think the game is evenly poised for the second leg.

boss] Age [Hareide] said last night in the press conference that he thinks they are capable of scoring at the Aviva I wouldn doubt that.

just have to win the game. We have to score goals to win the match. We would obviously want to be better with the ball in Dublin when we are playing in front of our home fans and in all honesty, we will need to be if we have to score a goal. was disappointed after seeing his side threaten to take a meaningful advantage to Dublin, but hopeful that there is more to come.

He said: created enough chances to win the game, at least three big chances. But we have to get the ball in between the posts, that always important. We knew Ireland would be hard to break down and when you don take the chances, they survive.

0 0 at home is not a bad result. A goal away will be very vital for us. They don score two many times. We will go to Dublin and try to get that goal. was less than impressed at the suggestion that it had been a poor game and is confident a similar performance at the Aviva will see Denmark through.
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The Associated Press COPENHAGEN, Denmark (AP) Swedish low cost fashion brand H says it has appointed a diversity leader after having been accused of racism over an ad showing a black child dressed in a hoodie reading “coolest monkey in the jungle.”

H said late Tuesday on its Facebook page that the group’s “commitment to addressing diversity and inclusiveness is genuine, therefore we have appointed a global leader,
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in this area, to drive our work forward.”

The Stockholm based company reiterated that “the recent incident was entirely unintentional” but “demonstrates so clearly how big our responsibility is as a global brand.”

NBA star LeBron James and rapper Diddy were among those who had responded with outrage to the ad. American rappers The Weeknd and G Eazy cancelled partnerships with H In South Africa, there were protests at some H stores,
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while the response has been more muted in Europe.

The case highlights how important it has become for multinationals to take into account differences in cultural views and sensitivities between the markets it sells in. That’s especially true as social media makes it possible for an ad posted in one country to be shared and viewed anywhere else in the world.

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If you have acid reflux or heartburn, using natural remedies to rebalance your stomach is what nature intended. Listed are four natural remedies that you can use to rebalance the acid in your stomach. has many medicinal uses aside from being great for various pastries. It has an antiseptic effect and has been historically used for colds and flu It has fighting power against Candida albicans and has the ability to settle acidic stomachs.

Here how to use cinnamon for an acid stomach or heartburn:

Toast raisin bread

Butter the raisin bread

Sprinkle cinnamon on the bread

Sprinkle cardamon on the bread

When you eat this toasted bread, chew slowly and completely before swallowing to allow the digestive juices in your mouth to start breaking down this food. Use only organic grapefruit for this remedy. Here what to do:

Grate the entire outer skin of an organic grapefruit

Spread them out on a flat dish to dry

Allow them to get crinkly dry

Store them in a glass jar or zip lock bag

Whenever you get an upset stomach, acid reflux or heartburn start chewing and eating these strips of dried grapefruit. These strips will settle out your stomach. This lettuce is high in minerals and is highly alkaline.

Mace, Nutmeg, and Slippery Elm

Here is a natural remedy that uses mace and nutmeg, which has a history of treating indigestion, acid stomach, heartburn, acid reflux, stomach gas, and vomiting.

Here how to use it with half and half and slippery elm root herb. Slippery elm herb can be purchase in any herb store in powder.
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The Wildcats a lot of people in my town favorite team. My town, my community was looking for it, he said. was just one of those things that I was just looking for for my community.

Dixon stressed that he still considering all the schools that are involved he mentioned Rutgers, St. Joe Villanova, Oklahoma State and Virginia as the schools in touch most often and isn in any rush to end his recruitment. In the last few months, he and his parents have visited Pitt, Penn State, Georgetown, Virginia, Oklahoma State and the local schools, taking in games at St. Joe Rutgers and Seton Hall since the season has gotten underway.

Like many high school students, Dixon said he plans on playing out his final AAU season next year and taking his official visits in the fall before a decision in the weeks leading up to his senior year. By the time next August rolls around, his list of suitors could look much different.

As Dixon recruitment went national, so did his playing opportunities. A participant in a USA Basketball mini camp last summer, Dixon was invited back to try out for the national 16 under team this past summer, where he was among the final few players cut.

One thing that isn going to change is Dixon approach to his raised profile. Abington head coach Charles Grasty is also one of Dixon teachers this year, in a business law class. In October, Dixon had to miss a few days of school for another USA Basketball mini camp, but he still came in for a half day to give a presentation in that class before his flight.

When his classmates inquired why Dixon was leaving early that day, the hoops star balked. His coach had to do the bragging for him.

Another highly touted local junior, Imhotep Donta Scott, visited the University of South Carolina, where he picked up an offer from the Gamecocks staff. A 6 7 wing with a rapidly developing skill set, he also being pursued by Temple, La Salle, St. Joe UConn and Penn State.

Wildwood Catholic guard Caleb Fields jumped on an offer from Bowling Green, committing to the Falcons on Nov. 22. The 6 1 combo guard with a smooth outside stroke had also been offered by NJIT and Binghamton and was being recruited by several other mid major schools, including Drexel.

Central Bucks West senior wing Collin MacAdams committed to D II California University (Pa.) earlier in November. A 6 5 wing, MacAdams averaged 16.2 ppg and 7.2 ppg as a junior, and is a capable scorer from all three levels.

Bishop Shanahan 2018 PF Kevin Dodds committed to D II Gannon (Pa.) on Nov. 11. A 6 6 post player with a good mid range game, Dodds was a starter on last year Shanahan team that made the Ches Mont finals and earned a spot in the PIAA Class 5A playoffs.

University of the Sciences landed a commitment from Haverford School senior point guard Kharon Randolph on Nov. 8. Randolph, a 5 11 point guard and three year starter for the Fords, had also heard from D IIs Millersville, West Chester and East Stroudsburg before making his decision.

Cardinal O point guard Antwuan Butler committed to Austin Peay in October. Quaker Valley (Pa.) Coletrane Washington spent eight years living in Germantown before moving to the western part of the state with his parents when he was in middle school.

Father Judge senior wing Tom Quarry committed to D III Johns Hopkins on Nov. 14, choosing Hopkins over Swarthmore and Ursinus. A 6 6 small forward, Quarry comes from an athletic background; his parents, Tom and Heather, were both swimmers at Temple.
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January and February are often the months where the biggest baseball signings are of veteran players looking for one last chance or independent league standouts hoping to make a name in camp.

It’s been a while since the Red Sox signed a player of significance this late in the offseason, but if they are seeking a big bat to aid their offense, it’ll have to be a pre spring training deal.

Most free agent signings are completed during a busy December at the winter meetings. Yet this year has been different for several teams, not just the Red Sox.

Over the last 10 years, the Red Sox have signed just two players who tallied significant playing time to free agent deals in January.

Mike Napoli in January 2013 and Adrian Beltre in January 2010.

The Napoli deal wasn’t a conventional one, either. The free agent had come to an agreement on a three year, $39 million deal with the Red Sox in December 2012, but negotiations stalled when Napoli didn’t pass his physical because of hip issues.

The Red Sox still wanted Napoli but didn’t want to risk the money if he’d be out with injury. Six weeks later in early January, the two sides agreed to a one year, $5 million deal with incentives that could increase the total to $13 million.

Napoli, of course, became an integral part of the 2013 Red Sox World Series championship winning team that season. He hit .259 with an .842 OPS, 38 doubles and 23 homers in 138 games that year.

Following the season, again a free agent,
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Napoli signed a two year, $32 million deal to remain in Boston.

His numbers, though, were not as productive as that first year. In 2014, he hit .248 with a .789 OPS and 17 homers over 119 games. In 2015, he hit .207 with a .693 OPS and 13 homers before an early August trade to Texas.

Beltre, whose agent is Scott Boras, signed a one year, $10 million deal with Boston in January 2010 and had a terrific season.

The third baseman hit .321 with a .919 OPS, 49 doubles and 28 homers over 154 games. Despite the impressive numbers, the Red Sox traded for first baseman Adrian Gonzalez that winter and appeared to have plans to move Kevin Youkilis back to third baseman, leaving no room for Beltre, who signed a five year, $80 million deal with the Texas Rangers in January of 2011. While the Red Sox let Beltre walk,
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they were compensated with a draft pick for not re signing him. That draft pick turned into Blake Swihart.

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Contact Us,Tom Lehmann and a few buddies had been partying for nearly a week without sleep. They had started the binge long before the new year a lot of meth, a bit of coke, some hits of X, a couple of snorts of ketamine, and, of course, a steady supply of joints and strippers. It included a December 31 bash at Opium Garden in South Beach, then an afterparty downtown at Club Space.

Now, on January 4, 2002, it was time to get to work.

A guy named Steve Citranglo owed Leh money $80,000, to be exact for a shipment of ketamine, the PCP like horse tranquilizer that makes people hallucinate and trip for hours. Citranglo had accepted the drugs long ago. His payment was way overdue.

The man needed an incentive, Leh thought. His meth addled plan: Invite Citranglo to his Coral Gables condo and beat him. This would serve a dual purpose. Citranglo would also be discouraged from taking over the $10,000 per week ketamine dealing business.

Although he was a tan, six foot, 228 pound guy pumped up on steroids and human growth hormone, Lehmann alone might not be able to pound Citranglo. So he invited along two others: Ahed Hbaiu, a 21 year old Columbia University student and drug dealer who was trying to collect $60,000 from Citranglo, and a Michigan kid named Kevin Keneuker.

Lehmann also asked his buddy Paul Brandreth to come over. Brandreth was one of Leh foot soldiers in the drug trade, a big lug who liked to brag about his bar fighting and New York Mafia connections. He stood six feet tall, weighed 240 pounds, and sported a tattoo that read “Death Before Dishonor” on his back. Between his size and his steely blue eyed gaze, he’d be helpful in the beatdown, Lehmann thought.

Shortly before noon, everything and everyone was in place at Lehmann’s two bedroom condo on Majorca Avenue in Coral Gables.

But seconds after the first punch was thrown, something went wrong. One of the guys had brought a gun, and Citranglo ended up wrapped in a tarp with a bullet hole maybe several in his body.

Once everyone realized Citranglo was dead, they rolled his body under a coffee table and covered it with a red Christmas tablecloth. “We shit our pants for a half an hour waiting to see if the police showed up or if anyone came knocking on our door,” Lehmann would later say.

Someone did knock. It was a guy named Brandon who wanted to buy two eight balls of coke. While the buyer waited, Lehmann tidily readjusted the red tablecloth so the corpse was invisible. “You couldn’t really see it, in my opinion,” Lehmann recalls. “And then again, I’m using crystal meth, so what works in a normal mind is not working in my mind at that point.”

After Brandon left, they all agreed to dump Citranglo in the Everglades. As they loaded the body into the back of a black Mercedes SUV, Lehmann was angry and scared. He remembers standing in the parking lot and saying out loud: “You fuckin’ killed him.”

Eventually, Lehmann, Brandreth, Hbaiu, and Keneuker would be charged with first degree murder. Their testimony in court papers reveals clues to South Florida’s biggest Mob murder, the background of a bust that crippled South Beach’s club drug world, and teases of information about the persistent wise guy culture that many people think disappeared from these parts long ago.

Paul Brandreth was born May 29, 1968, in Parkchester, a hardscrabble neighborhood in the eastern Bronx. The area is best known for its sprawling baseball fields and giant, fortress like, red brick high rises that once housed some 42,000 people. His family was a typical blue collar Bronx pastiche: Dad was a New York City cop, mom a nurse. Brandreth’s brother, Keith, was born in 1973, and the two were inseparable. Both boys were handsome. They looked and talked alike. Paul was more hyper; he was a blond, blue eyed bruiser who loved rough sports.

Addiction and anger ran deep in the family. Brandreth’s father beat everyone in the house, and both parents were drunks. When Paul reached tenth grade, he excelled at football and lacrosse and also took on some of his parents’ habits. He began drinking, fighting, and doing drugs. He remembers visiting his friend Brian’s house one day; the boy’s mom sold coke. She offered him a line. “That was it,” Brandreth recalls. “From there, downhill.”

These days, Brandreth is 39 years old and a prisoner in the Miami Dade County lockup. He often speaks about his life as a descent like when he describes his first arrest, a burglary, two weeks before his senior prom and graduation: “From there, downhill.” Or when, at 18, he tried his first crack rock: “From there, downhill.”

According to Brandreth, his life has moved in only one direction. He was arrested in 1990 for selling coke in New York City, which led to a six month stint in an NYC jail. Sometimes, he had sex with men in exchange for drugs or money.

Three years and several parole violations later, he was again arrested for peddling cocaine. This time, he was sent to the state lockup in Elmira. Man, you’re going with the big boys now, Brandreth recalls thinking. “I had always hoped to do better, y’know.”

In 1995, Brandreth was released after serving two and a half years. He recalls that his brother Keith, who was 22 at the time, picked him up in a Lexus. “Bro, forget about cocaine,” Keith said. “There’s this new shit; it’s called X, Ecstasy.” That night, Keith gave Paul his first hit of X and took him to the China Club, an A list joint on West 47th Street with an awesome view of Times Square. There, Paul spotted a hot girl with curly blond hair. She was wearing a tight denim minidress and Timberland boots. Her name was Effie Katanakis. She was Greek and knew Keith. She sat on Paul’s lap and later took him home. “It was a love/hate relationship,” he says.
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timberland girls boots Acquired Hemophilia Treatment Market Size

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Acquired Hemophilia Treatment Market Growth, Share, Opportunities, Competitive Analysis, and Forecast, 2017 2025, the acquired hemophilia treatment market was valued at USD 20,46.4 Mn in 2017, and is expected to reach USD 32,66.6 Mn by 2025, expanding at a CAGR of 3.2% from 2017 to 2025.According to National Organization of Rare Disorders (NORD), acquired hemophilia is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by bleeding that occurs in patients with a personal and family history negative for hemorrhages. In acquired hemophilia, the body produces antibodies that attack clotting factors, most often factor VIII. idiopathic. Treatment strategies that are applied against acquired hemophilia are based on two major objectives. The primary objective is effective control of bleeding manifestations during acute bleeding episodes. The secondary and ultimate therapeutic objective is to eliminate the inhibitor and cure the disease. Thus, the global acquired hemophilia treatment market on the basis of therapeutics has been segmented into two major categories such as traditional therapies and advanced therapies. The traditional therapies are further sub categorized into steroid treatment, cytotoxic treatment and immunomodulatory treatment. The advanced therapies is further segmented into Desmopressin, Recombinant Activated Factor VII/NovoSeven, Recombinant Activated Factor VIII/Obizur, and Activated Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (aPCC)/ FEIBA. The advanced therapies held the largest segment due to introduction of novel therapies for the treatment of acquired hemophilia. and Canada; North America stood out to be the clear leader in the global acquired hemophilia treatment market. North America dominated the market due to aging population, high awareness associated with hemophilia and types in people, and developed healthcare infrastructure. and Canada, the network of hemophilia care centers is well set with domestic government support. The primary management option is evolved in developed countries with early treatment of bleeding episodes and quick home therapy. The market is dominated by players, depending on their major competencies. The key players in this market are Baxalta, Inc. (Shire), Novo Nordisk, Biogen, Pfizer, Inc., and F. Hoffman La Roche.Acquired hemophilia represents a life threatening bleeding disorder, particularly in the geriatric population. Hence, rising geriatric population globally is a major driving factor. There is an increasing adoption of prophylaxis in hemophilia patients, currently standing at 25% to 30%. Thus growing demand for prophylaxis strategies would act as a driving factor in the near future. It is your only source that can fulfill all your market research requirements. We provide online reports from over 100 best publishers and upgrade our collection regularly to offer you direct online access to the world most comprehensive and recent database with expert perceptions on worldwide industries, products, establishments and trends. Frankly and this Site make no warranties or representations in connection therewith.
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timberland pro Abington Heights Teachers on Strike

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CLARKS SUMMIT Teachers in one of the largest school districts in our area hit the picket lines Tuesday morning. There is no school in the Abington Heights School District.

We found teachers picketing outside South Abington Elementary School in the Clarks Summit area Tuesday.

We found families making the best of it at South Abington Park near Clarks Summit, but they were the first to admit that a strike can be challenging for moms, dads, and students.

“I have a son that has special needs, so it’s been a little bit tricky because he has autism and we just got into the schedule of getting into school and now we’re going to have to stop and get back into the schedule again. Transitions are hard for autistic kids so it makes it a little bit trickier for him,” Sarah Sespico said.

Teachers picketed at three district buildings for a few hours in the morning before meeting in the afternoon.

Union President Tim Moher says the teachers and the administration are most at odds over paying health care premiums.

“What the school board has been proposing to us is increases to our health care costs but no salary increase. And that’s a net loss for my members and it’s just not something I can ask them to do,” Moher said.

Abington Heights Superintendent Michael Mahon says the administration is asking teachers to pay $80 a month toward health care coverage. They do not pay a monthly premium now.

The district had a $1 million deficit last year.

“The reality is that costs keep escalating, pension costs, employee costs, and a big part of the employee cost is medical benefits. So, yes, it is time for Abington Heights as a public school district to get up to date and start doing what everybody in our community has been doing for many, many years,” said Mahon.

Both sides told us they are willing to negotiate at any time but the only scheduled meeting is for September 21.

Teachers at Abington Heights could potentially strike through most of this month.

Abington Heights SD will be closed Sept. 12 as a result of the teacher union strike. The union has not disclosed the length of the strike. The Union is now stating on their facebook page that they are spending their afternoons doing community service. Curious, which is it? Is it worth having the students shuffled and families which represent your community paying daycare, babysitting, taking time off, putting jobs at risk to juggle children we expected to be in school? Sometimes you need to take a step backwards to move forward. Look at the BIG picture. Is less than $6 a week really worth it to ALL the teachers?

The kids are suffering at the price of $80/month. How do you explain to little ones and even the older children that just started that we are stopping over at the end of the day is $300 after the salary increase or $5.77 a week? These babies are so young, how do you tell a 5/6 year old why school is out and we do not know for how long? They don understand and they think they did something wrong. The commentary from parents at the bus stops and activities about children being scolded for talking about the strike in schools or being ignored when questions asked, coming off buses wondering if they did or did not have school. Some kids being bombarded with work, to compensate the workload how is this the AH way? Parents who want to advocate for their children, but have seen what has happened in the past so bite their tongues so their child does not feel the impact for their AH career. So saddened to hear and see this, this is not who or what AH is.

In today society, companies are changing insurance, pensions, 401k to name a few annually and the middle class is losing annually but they do not have the luxury to walk off the job and at the same time impact 2000 plus children and how many families, and some struggling families, we all have to continue on. We believe that the majority have the best interest of the children, while the minority have their best interest in play. They have a great thing, we all get it, but there needs to be a point where reality sets in and you realize you have to catch up with what is happening around you.

AH is the best there is no doubt, but why are not all the teachers living in the district sending their kids to AH Because they do not want to disrupt them but it is ok to disrupt our children? Can someone explain that, do you not have faith in your colleagues, after all they REALLY are the best we all agree with that!

Back to School Carnival teachers are usually seldom present and if so in small numbers, yet this year the largest teacher population is present and wearing their strike shirts, what kind of message is that to the children and community.

Graduation well at least they showed up this time nothing like those empty chairs and the people you hold in the highest regard NOT SHOWING UP. The impact to the 2018 senior class this year, APPALLING!! Yet, teachers will cross the line to coach sports, but not help your seniors or your learning support students?

How in good conscience with that all being said, are the children displaced and for some students that impact is greater than for others Is there something the community, the tax payers, the parents, the students, the board missing it is really worth impacting 2000 plus kids for $5.77/week both the Board and the Union need to get back to the tables, and not in 9 days, suck it up mend fences, and sit in a room every day if you must to get this settled to show the community you are united, your AH proud, do it for the students.

In an evolving world, where everyone pays for health insurance why should not the teachers. The conclusion is Its not about the kids and their education its about the teachers and their bottom line. I understand that they put a lot of work into what they do and appreciate what they do for our children and community, but something has to give. It 2017. Unions were around for good reasons decades ago. It not the same anymore.

There is always cyber school. I hear they have a great curriculum. cyber school I just really offended to see where my school tax dollars are going. Maybe an idea is for parents to get together and rally parents against teacher strikes . Maybe this would get some attention. Whose going to pay for my child daycare because teachers are deciding that paying a premium for their health insurance is unnecessary so they decide to strike and not having my child in school. I pay taxes to have my kids in school, not to have them not in school then pay child care on top of it.

One last comment is that if parents keep their children out of school, they are terrible parents and get reported to the district with the possibility of being reported to social services, but our teachers can strike and not have our children best interests in hand and not have repercussions.

It would be nice if all us taxpayers who have had our health insurance desimated form a picket line against the teachers! Why should they be isolated from the higher premiums, deductibles and co payments that the private sector has had forced onto them for years. The magic property tax purse has to close! Why should they get benefits that are long gone from the people asked to pay the bill to maintain the teachers benefits? We need to fight back before we can no longer afford our homes. Suck it up like the rest of us have bern doing for years!
timberland pro Abington Heights Teachers on Strike
Who the heck do you people think you are?

Why should they be on Unemployment?? Because they want a raise? Your the kind of person that ruining the middle class. They take your kids and teach them the things you can or remember can remember. They have at least 4 years of college to re pay frankly if those kids are anything like I was in school the teachers disserve more than they are probably asking for putting up with some of the monsters you call children next time you want to open your mouth with a stupid comment they should be on Unemployment think about what coming out of your mouth because when your on strike you don get any pay or any Unemployment thank a union member next time your stuffing your face on labor day next year or enjoying a weekend

timberland earthkeepers jacket adult son in custody after stabbing in Salt Lake City

timberland bags adult son in custody after stabbing in Salt Lake City

SALT LAKE CITY A man is dead and his adult son is in custody after a stabbing in Salt Lake City Saturday.

Lt. Victor Siebeneck, Salt Lake City Police, said a 54 year old man was killed during an argument with his adult son. The son has been taken into custody.

Police have not yet released the name of the deceased or the son.

“The suspect was taken into custody, we have witnesses at the police station,” Siebeneck said. “Our detectives are currently investigating the incident that occurred.”

A man who lives in the neighborhood, Kirill Bryanin, said he was surprised to see this much commotion in that section of Sugar House.

“I was inside, heard a fire truck. Usually, they pass by. This one stopped right in front of the house,
timberland earthkeepers jacket adult son in custody after stabbing in Salt Lake City
” Bryanin said. “We went outside to see what’s going on. Shortly after, we saw a ton of cop cars come screeching to the house, followed by some crime scene tape.”

Other neighbors told FOX 13 they were not sure who lived in the home and if they were renting. One mentioned seeing PODS meant for moving out front of the home recently, but never saw who moved in. Neighbors said they did see, however, a 5 year old child leaving the home after the incident happened.

Siebeneck confirmed other family members, including the 5 year old child, were present during the altercation. There were no injuries reported beyond the fatality.

Dispatch officials stated a stabbing occurred, but no further details about the incident were immediately available. Police on scene would not confirm this information,
timberland earthkeepers jacket adult son in custody after stabbing in Salt Lake City
other than saying that a weapon was involved.

high timberland boots Accidents caused by DC government workers cost taxpayers millions

timberland safety boots Accidents caused by DC government workers cost taxpayers millions

Government has 6,000 vehicles traveling the streets of Washington. And some of the city employees behind the wheel are crashing their government owned vehicles over and over again, and still keeping their jobs.

Taxpayers are paying millions for all that bad driving. employees, shows The District has paid $4.3 million in accident settlements over the last five years.

All of that money is taxpayer dollars. workers. The data obtained by WUSA9 does not specify whether the employee behind the wheel was at fault in the accident.

Two, three or even four accident settlements are not always enough to get those employees off the streets. Three out of four workers with multiple accident settlements are still on the job.

Records show DC Government used tax dollars to pay at least four settlements for accidents when Aida Rodriguez, a K 9 officer with the DC Police Department, was behind the wheel. The settlements, dating back to 2012, were worth more than $62,000.

In an interview, Rodriguez downplayed her accident record. In fact, she couldn’t seem to remember how many she’d had.

“I’ve been on the police department for 24 years. I don’t know. I don’t count them,”Rodriguez said. “Who wants to reflect on an accident? It’s not something we go out here and do on purpose.”

Rodriguez is not the only accident prone employee The District shelled out big bucks for. wrote settlement checks of $35,000 and $5,800 for a fire inspector who is still on the job.

The government also paid nearly $66,000 for a correction officer who is still working for the department. also agreed to settlements of $20,000, $13,000 and $8,600 for a Public Works employee, who is still driving for the city.

Public Works Director Chris Shorter said when it comes to disciplining employees for accidents, a one size fits all policy is unfair.

“Me, as a director,
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saying that if you no matter what the circumstances, three accidents in a year let’s say, no matter what the context, we’re going to terminate your employment, would not be a smart approach to manage this agency,” Shorter said.

Shorter said just because an employee has an accident, it doesn’t mean they were driving recklessly. He said sometimes “things just happen.”

“Having an employee that runs into a fence while collecting trash recycling is very different than some of what your viewers might see in terms of very dangerous accidents that happen every day,” Shorter said.

Rather than simply firing employees with multiple accidents, Shorter said a better response is training and discipline within each employees individual agency.

K 9 Officer Rodriguez said she had faced discipline for her past accidents. Though she couldn’t be sure if those were the crashes that led to her four accident settlements.

“I don’t know which ones you’re referring to,” Rodriguez said. government pays an accident settlement, the employee is not part of the hearing and not informed of the outcome.

Rodriguez also said the city doesn’t contest accident claims.

“They don’t fight the accidents, and a lot of people make complaints and say that they got hurt and stuff happened and it didn’t.” Rodriguez said. “The department does not fight on anybody’s behalf.”

Jed Ross, who heads up the agency that handles accident settlements, said that’s not true.

“We review every single claim very stringently,” Ross said. “So no, we do not pay for things that we do not believe is in the best interest of The District.”

In August 2017, Mayor Bowser issued an order reaffirming a similar mandate in 2009 that said all government employees, including police, should drive safely and abide by all traffic laws.

However, there is no district wide set of guidelines as to what happens when government employees get in a crash. There is also no mandatory consequences for repeat offenders, despite the fact that with 6,000 city owed vehicles on the road, accidents are going to happen.
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What happened, moment by moment, in the Florida school massacreIn a matter of minutes, thousands of students at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School went from thinking they were part of a fire drill to hiding inside closets and bathrooms to escape deadly gunfire. More>>Community police meeting turns tense as talk turns to APD bodycam videoTempers flared at times Wednesday as community members met for the first since a disturbing police bodycam video was released in a story by the Citizen Times last week. More>>Tenant murders landlord after his rent is raised $30Jason Tilley of Cudahy, 37, is accused of killing his landlord near Packard and College in Cudahy. The identity of that victim has yet to be revealed. Prosecutors say Tilley admitted to shooting his landlord in the back of. More>>Threat investigated at Charlo schoolsThe Charlo School District is the latest in Western Montana to have threats made towards it. More>>Campaign aims to find homes for Missoula’s homelessA group of Missoula housing agencies are teaming up in a campaign to find “40 Homes in 40 days” for people who are homeless in Missoula. More>>Probe continues after toxic substance taken from UM labThe Missoula Police Department and the University of Montana Police are investigating a report that a small amount of potassium cyanide, a highly toxic substance, was removed from a University of Montana research laboratory. More>>Arrests made in Missoula convenience store shootingTwo people have been arrested a double shooting at a Missoula convenience store earlier this week. More>>Family grateful after abducted toddler is found safe13 Action News spoke with a relative of Kuwait Abdul Rahim. The man did not want his identity released because of his job. The family is grateful the child was found safe. More>>Woman gets 18 years to life for dragging deathA judge on Thursday sentenced Briana Benson to 18 years to life in prison for the dragging death of 18 year old Saint Ursula Academy alumnus Madie Hart last year. More>>Shelter gives homeless teens a home and bright futureIzell Bennett and Kim Hinkle run Kyle’s Place, part of Journey to Dream, or JTD. It’s a home created specifically for homeless teens who’ve fallen through the cracks. More>>Can The Proper Amount Of Sleep Help Keep The Flu, Colds Away?It’s been a long, miserable flu season. While it’s winding down, we’re not out of the woods just yet. More>>8Th Grade Students Design Anti Gun Violence Shirts With Victims’ NamesA group of students at McAuliffe International School in Denver are coming together to raise awareness about gun violence. More>>Shelter gives homeless teens a home and bright futureIzell Bennett and Kim Hinkle run Kyle’s Place, part of Journey to Dream, or JTD. It’s a home created specifically for homeless teens who’ve fallen through the cracks. More>>County libraries help refugees, immigrants get degreesRefugees who have waited years to get to the United States sometimes arrive only to find out their life’s work does not translate to opportunities in America. More>>Veteran meets new service dog for the first timeMany of our brave men and women in the military come home with emotional and physical scars from deployment. Coping with civilian life can be difficult, but four legged friends can make it easier. More>>Deputies: Pregnant woman punched in road rage caseA pregnant woman tells deputies she was assaulted in a road rage incident in North Fort Myers Monday. More>>Woman pulled from pond after car submergesRescue crews have pulled a woman out of a retention pond after her car went into the water on Indy’s southeast side Thursday morning. More>>11 Year old girl dies suddenly in her sleepA local family is mourning the loss of an 11 year old girl who died unexpectedly just a few days ago. Janiyah Taylor passed away Monday morning in her sleep. Family and friends remember her as a sweet little girl who had a. More>>Woman bites deputy, drives off with 3 childrenA woman who bit a Jefferson Parish Sheriff’s Office during an earlier struggle slammed into two Jefferson Parish Sheriff’s Office vehicles after a wild police chase this morning. More>>Cat found stuck in dryer vent earns name ‘Maytag’The Wisconsin Humane Society (WHS) Ozaukee Campus is caring for a cat that has earned the name “Maytag.” More>>7 Month old baby at center of Amber Alert found deadThe baby at the center of an Oklahoma Amber Alert has been found dead, police say. More>>Pregnant woman killed after wheel hub hits windshieldA pregnant mother of three was killed in a car accident after a semi truck’s wheel hub came loose and smashed into her car’s windshield. More>>Deputies rescue family from floodA family stranded in flood water is now safe after Lauderdale County deputies rescued them on a boat. More>>’Little Black Dress Initiative’ raises awareness about povertyA little black dress is known as a staple in a woman’s wardrobe. More>>Plow driver has message for driversPennDOT says truck restrictions, as well as extra plow trucks across the northeast, have helped to keep the highways clear. More>>Family and friends gather to remember shooting victimA big smile and an energetic, upbeat personality. More>>Mother seeking help for 9 year old who witnessed father’s murder”I don’t really know what to do, or how to help her,” said Q. More>>
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timberland desert boots Aboriginal Australians the oldest culture on Earth

timberland bag Aboriginal Australians the oldest culture on Earth

ABORIGINAL AUSTRALIANS AREdescendents of the first people to leave Africa up to 75,000 years ago, a genetic study has found, confirming theymay have the oldest continuous culture on the planet.

Professor Eske Willerslevof the University of Copenhagen, who led the study, says Aboriginal Australians were the first modern humans to traverse unknown territory in Asia and Australia. “It was a truly amazing journey that must have demanded exceptional survival skills and bravery,” he says.

A century old lock of hair, given by a West Australian indigenous man to an anthropologist, has led to the discovery that ancestors ofAboriginal Australians reached Asia at least 24,000 years beforeanother wave of migration that populated Europe and Asia.

Expertsfrom the University of Western Australia (UWA) and Murdoch Universitywere part ofan international team that analysedDNAfrom the hair, and found no hereditary material from European immigrants to Australia. This madethe man’sDNA a perfect candidate for looking at the history of Aboriginal migration.

DNA reveals new route for human Pacific migration

Aboriginal Australians first to cross Asia

Studying his DNA, the researchersfound that the ancestors of Australian Aboriginals had split from the first modern human populations to leave Africa, 64,000to 75,000 years ago. Dr Joe Dortch, ascientistat UWA, says the discoveryturns on its head the existing theory that Aboriginals arrived here less than 50,000 years ago. The findings are detailed today in thejournal Science.

“[The discovery]strongly supports the idea that Aborigines were [part of] an early and separate wave of human expansion out of Africa, before the subsequent wave that established Europeans and Asians,” says Professor Alan Cooper,
timberland desert boots Aboriginal Australians the oldest culture on Earth
director of the Australian Centre for Ancient DNA at the University of Adelaide. “However, while this is a major step forward, the key unresolved question remains the unique story of Aboriginal history within Australia.”

“This new DNA study powerfully confirms that Aboriginal Australians are one of the oldest living populations in the world, certainly the oldest outside of Africa,”agrees evolutionary biologist Professor Darren Curnoeof UNSW. “Australians are truly one of the world’s great human populations and a very ancient one at that, with deep connections to the Australian continent and broader Asian region. About this now there can be no dispute.”

Oldest living population in the world

In another study, in theAmerican Journal of Human Genetics, researchers found that when these ancestors of Aboriginals crossed through Asia, they may have interbred withSiberian people known as the Denisovans.

For that study, DNA was extracted from a finger bone excavated in the freezing temperatures of Siberia to analyse the migration of people to tropical parts of Asia and Australia more than 40,000 years ago.

Examining DNA from the finger, researchers from the Harvard Medical School in the US and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany concluded that the Denisovans a primitive group of humans descended from Neanderthals migrated from Siberia to tropical parts of Asia. They contributed DNA to Aborigines along with present day New Guineans and an indigenous tribe in the Philippines known as Mamanwa.

Aboriginal people had Siberian ancestors

To make the link between the Denisovans and indigenous Australians, thestudy looked at two Aboriginal populations, one of which was from the Northern Territory. The researchers concluded that Denisovans interbred with modern humans in South East Asia 44,000 years ago, before Australia separated from Papua New Guinea.

“This paper helped fill in some empty pieces in the evolutionary puzzle that began after early humans left Africa, and reinforces the view that humans have intermixed throughout history,” say the scientists behind the research in a summary of the findings.

“The study also confirms controversial claims that the ancestors of all living Eurasians interbred with the Neandertals, while past Asians/Oceanians also mated with the mysterious ancient humans from Denisova cave[s] in Siberia,” comments Darren from UNSW. “This is clear and independent validation of DNA work on both these extinct humans [the Neanderthals and the Denisovans],
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confirming today’s other big announcement about their deep connections to Australians and other indigenous people in our region.”.